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Collaborative Localization and Location Verification in WSNs

College of Computer Science and Technology, Zhejiang Normal University of Technology, Liuhe Road No. 288, Hangzhou 310023, China
XingZhi College, Zhejiang Normal University, Jinhua 321004, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Albert M. K. Cheng
Sensors 2015, 15(5), 10631-10649;
Received: 5 February 2015 / Revised: 21 April 2015 / Accepted: 24 April 2015 / Published: 6 May 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Cyber-Physical Systems)
PDF [1038 KB, uploaded 6 May 2015]


Localization is one of the most important technologies in wireless sensor networks. A lightweight distributed node localization scheme is proposed by considering the limited computational capacity of WSNs. The proposed scheme introduces the virtual force model to determine the location by incremental refinement. Aiming at solving the drifting problem and malicious anchor problem, a location verification algorithm based on the virtual force mode is presented. In addition, an anchor promotion algorithm using the localization reliability model is proposed to re-locate the drifted nodes. Extended simulation experiments indicate that the localization algorithm has relatively high precision and the location verification algorithm has relatively high accuracy. The communication overhead of these algorithms is relative low, and the whole set of reliable localization methods is practical as well as comprehensive. View Full-Text
Keywords: cooperative localization; wireless sensor networks; virtual force model; location verification; reliable localization cooperative localization; wireless sensor networks; virtual force model; location verification; reliable localization

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Miao, C.; Dai, G.; Ying, K.; Chen, Q. Collaborative Localization and Location Verification in WSNs. Sensors 2015, 15, 10631-10649.

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