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An Energy-Efficient and Compact Clustering Scheme with Temporary Support Nodes for Cognitive Radio Sensor Networks

Department of Computer Engineering, Chosun University, 309 Pilmun-daero, Dong-gu, Gwangju 501-759, Korea
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Sensors 2014, 14(8), 14634-14653; https://doi.org/10.3390/s140814634
Received: 28 April 2014 / Revised: 24 June 2014 / Accepted: 6 August 2014 / Published: 11 August 2014
(This article belongs to the Section Sensor Networks)
A cognitive radio sensor network (CRSN) is a wireless sensor network whose sensor nodes are equipped with cognitive radio capability. Clustering is one of the most challenging issues in CRSNs, as all sensor nodes, including the cluster head, have to use the same frequency band in order to form a cluster. However, due to the nature of heterogeneous channels in cognitive radio, it is difficult for sensor nodes to find a cluster head. This paper proposes a novel energy-efficient and compact clustering scheme named clustering with temporary support nodes (CENTRE). CENTRE efficiently achieves a compact cluster formation by adopting two-phase cluster formation with fixed duration. By introducing a novel concept of temporary support nodes to improve the cluster formation, the proposed scheme enables sensor nodes in a network to find a cluster head efficiently. The performance study shows that not only is the clustering process efficient and compact but it also results in remarkable energy savings that prolong the overall network lifetime. In addition, the proposed scheme decreases both the clustering overhead and the average distance between cluster heads and their members. View Full-Text
Keywords: cognitive radio sensor network; clustering; energy consumption; lifetime; clustering overhead cognitive radio sensor network; clustering; energy consumption; lifetime; clustering overhead
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MDPI and ACS Style

Salim, S.; Moh, S.; Choi, D.; Chung, I. An Energy-Efficient and Compact Clustering Scheme with Temporary Support Nodes for Cognitive Radio Sensor Networks. Sensors 2014, 14, 14634-14653. https://doi.org/10.3390/s140814634

AMA Style

Salim S, Moh S, Choi D, Chung I. An Energy-Efficient and Compact Clustering Scheme with Temporary Support Nodes for Cognitive Radio Sensor Networks. Sensors. 2014; 14(8):14634-14653. https://doi.org/10.3390/s140814634

Chicago/Turabian Style

Salim, Shelly; Moh, Sangman; Choi, Dongmin; Chung, Ilyong. 2014. "An Energy-Efficient and Compact Clustering Scheme with Temporary Support Nodes for Cognitive Radio Sensor Networks" Sensors 14, no. 8: 14634-14653. https://doi.org/10.3390/s140814634

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