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High Accuracy Localization of Long Term Evolution Based on a New Multiple Carrier Noise Model

Department of Electronic and Information Engineering, Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong
Department of Electronic Engineering, City University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sensors 2014, 14(12), 22613-22618;
Received: 21 October 2014 / Revised: 18 November 2014 / Accepted: 21 November 2014 / Published: 27 November 2014
(This article belongs to the Section Physical Sensors)
PDF [986 KB, uploaded 27 November 2014]


A high accuracy localization technique using Long Term Evolution (LTE) based on a new and accurate multiple carrier noise model has been developed. In the noise consideration, the LTE multiple carriers phase noise has been incorporated so that a new and accurate noise model is achieved. An experiment was performed to characterize the phase noise of carriers at 2 GHz. The developed noise model was incorporated into LTE localization analysis in a high traffic area in Hong Kong to evaluate the accuracy of localization. The evaluation and analysis reveals that the new localization method achieves an improvement of about 10% accuracy comparing to existing widely adopted schemes. View Full-Text
Keywords: outdoor localization model; multiple carrier noise; LTE outdoor localization model; multiple carrier noise; LTE

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Lee, W.C.; Hung, F.H.; Tsang, K.F.; Wu, C.K.; Chi, H.R.; Chui, K.T.; Lau, W.H. High Accuracy Localization of Long Term Evolution Based on a New Multiple Carrier Noise Model. Sensors 2014, 14, 22613-22618.

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