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Sensors 2012, 12(2), 2026-2061;

Localization Algorithms of Underwater Wireless Sensor Networks: A Survey

Department of Information and Communication Systems, Hohai University, 200 North Jinling Road, Changzhou 213022, China
Changzhou Key Laboratory of Sensor Networks and Environmental Sensing, Changzhou 213022, China
Department of Multimedia Engineering, Graduate School of Information Science and Technology, Osaka University, 1-1 Yamadaoka, Suita, Osaka 565-0871, Japan
Institute of Computing Technology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, No. 6 Kexueyuan South Road Zhongguancun, Beijing 100190, China
Naval Academy of Armament, Beijing 100161, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 4 January 2012 / Revised: 20 January 2012 / Accepted: 30 January 2012 / Published: 13 February 2012
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Underwater Sensor Nodes and Underwater Sensor Networks)
Full-Text   |   PDF [680 KB, uploaded 21 June 2014]


In Underwater Wireless Sensor Networks (UWSNs), localization is one of most important technologies since it plays a critical role in many applications. Motivated by widespread adoption of localization, in this paper, we present a comprehensive survey of localization algorithms. First, we classify localization algorithms into three categories based on sensor nodes’ mobility: stationary localization algorithms, mobile localization algorithms and hybrid localization algorithms. Moreover, we compare the localization algorithms in detail and analyze future research directions of localization algorithms in UWSNs. View Full-Text
Keywords: underwater wireless sensor networks; localization algorithms; centralized; distributed; hybrid underwater wireless sensor networks; localization algorithms; centralized; distributed; hybrid
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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Han, G.; Jiang, J.; Shu, L.; Xu, Y.; Wang, F. Localization Algorithms of Underwater Wireless Sensor Networks: A Survey. Sensors 2012, 12, 2026-2061.

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