Next Article in Journal
Diversity of Pyrrolizidine Alkaloids in the Boraginaceae Structures, Distribution, and Biological Properties
Next Article in Special Issue
Assessment of the Genetic Diversity in Forest Tree Populations Using Molecular Markers
Previous Article in Journal
Aspects of Landscape and Pollinators—What is Important to Bee Conservation?
Previous Article in Special Issue
Assessment of Genetic Diversity in Faba Bean Based on Single Nucleotide Polymorphism

Meta-Analysis of Mitochondrial DNA Reveals Several Population Bottlenecks during Worldwide Migrations of Cattle

Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Utrecht University, Yalelaan 104, Utrecht 3584CM, The Netherlands
Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Institute of Zootechnics and BioDNA-Biodiversity and Ancient DNA Research Center, Via Emilia Parmense 84, Piacenza 29122, Italy
Centro de Investigação em Biodiversidade e Recursos Genéticos da Universidade do Porto (CIBIO/UP), Campus Agrário de Vairão, Rua Padre Armando Quintas 7, Vairão 4485-661, Portugal
Institute of Anthropology, Johannes-Gutenberg University Mainz, Anselm-Franz-von-Bentzel-Weg 7, Mainz 55128, Germany
Smurfit Institute of Genetics, Trinity College, Dublin 2, Ireland
Dipartimento di Biologia e Biotecnologie "L. Spallanzani", Università di Pavia, Pavia 27100, Italy
Research Laboratory for Archaeology, University of Oxford, Dyson Perrins Building, South Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3QY, UK
Mauritsstraat 167, Rotterdam 3012 CH, The Netherlands
Centro de Biologia Ambiental, Faculdade de Ciências, Universidade de Lisboa, Lisboa 1749-016, Portugal
Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Institute of Biodiversity and Ecosystem Research, "Acad. Georgi Bonchev" str., bl. 25, Sofia 1113, Bulgaria
Biotechnology and Food Research, MTT Agrifood Research Finland, Jokioinen, Finland and Department of Biology, University of Eastern Finland, P.O. Box 1627, FI-70211 Kuopio, Finland
CIGEBA, Facultad de Ciencias Veterinarias, Universidad Nacional de La Plata, Calle 60 y 118 s/n, La Plata, Buenos Aires 1900, Argentina
Animal Genomics Laboratory, UCD School of Agriculture and Food Science, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin 4, Ireland
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Diversity 2014, 6(1), 178-187;
Received: 13 January 2014 / Revised: 26 February 2014 / Accepted: 28 February 2014 / Published: 14 March 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Use of Molecular Markers in Genetic Diversity Research)
Several studies have investigated the differentiation of mitochondrial DNA in Eurasian, African and American cattle as well as archaeological bovine material. A global survey of these studies shows that haplogroup distributions are more stable in time than in space. All major migrations of cattle have shifted the haplogroup distributions considerably with a reduction of the number of haplogroups and/or an expansion of haplotypes that are rare or absent in the ancestral populations. The most extreme case is the almost exclusive colonization of Africa by the T1 haplogroup, which is rare in Southwest Asian cattle. In contrast, ancient samples invariably show continuity with present-day cattle from the same location. These findings indicate strong maternal founder effects followed by limited maternal gene flow when new territories are colonized. However, effects of adaptation to new environments may also play a role. View Full-Text
Keywords: cattle; breeds; mitochondrial DNA; haplogroups; migrations cattle; breeds; mitochondrial DNA; haplogroups; migrations
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Lenstra, J.A.; Ajmone-Marsan, P.; Beja-Pereira, A.; Bollongino, R.; Bradley, D.G.; Colli, L.; De Gaetano, A.; Edwards, C.J.; Felius, M.; Ferretti, L.; Ginja, C.; Hristov, P.; Kantanen, J.; Lirón, J.P.; Magee, D.A.; Negrini, R.; Radoslavov, G.A. Meta-Analysis of Mitochondrial DNA Reveals Several Population Bottlenecks during Worldwide Migrations of Cattle. Diversity 2014, 6, 178-187.

AMA Style

Lenstra JA, Ajmone-Marsan P, Beja-Pereira A, Bollongino R, Bradley DG, Colli L, De Gaetano A, Edwards CJ, Felius M, Ferretti L, Ginja C, Hristov P, Kantanen J, Lirón JP, Magee DA, Negrini R, Radoslavov GA. Meta-Analysis of Mitochondrial DNA Reveals Several Population Bottlenecks during Worldwide Migrations of Cattle. Diversity. 2014; 6(1):178-187.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Lenstra, Johannes A., Paolo Ajmone-Marsan, Albano Beja-Pereira, Ruth Bollongino, Daniel G. Bradley, Licia Colli, Anna De Gaetano, Ceiridwen J. Edwards, Marleen Felius, Luca Ferretti, Catarina Ginja, Peter Hristov, Juha Kantanen, Juan P. Lirón, David A. Magee, Riccardo Negrini, and Georgi A. Radoslavov. 2014. "Meta-Analysis of Mitochondrial DNA Reveals Several Population Bottlenecks during Worldwide Migrations of Cattle" Diversity 6, no. 1: 178-187.

Find Other Styles

Article Access Map by Country/Region

Only visits after 24 November 2015 are recorded.
Back to TopTop