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Article

Phylogenetic, Microbiome, and Diet Characterisation of Wall Lizards in the Columbretes Archipelago (Spain): Clues for Their Conservation

1
Laboratori de Genètica, Departament de Biología, Universitat de les Illes Baleares, Crta. De Valldemossa, km 7.5, 07122 Palma de Mallorca, Spain
2
Departamento de Biología Animal, Edificio de Farmacia, Campus Miguel de Unamuno, Universidad de Salamanca, 37071 Salamanca, Spain
3
Departamento de Zoología, Facultad de Ciencias Biológicas, Universitat de Valencia, 46100 Valencia, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Shared first-authorship.
Academic Editor: Michael Wink
Diversity 2022, 14(5), 408; https://doi.org/10.3390/d14050408
Received: 6 March 2022 / Revised: 12 May 2022 / Accepted: 19 May 2022 / Published: 21 May 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Omics and Genetics in Wildlife Conservation)
The Columbretes archipelago consists of a group of small volcanic islets located in the western Mediterranean near the east of the Iberian Peninsula. Four of its islands are inhabited by the wall lizard Podarcis liolepis, whose populations have been considered vulnerable. The purpose of this study was to assess the level of genetic diversity across the archipelago and the possible evolutionary origin of the Columbretes lizard populations. Additionally, we investigated the evolutionary ecology of these populations using a DNA-based metabarcoding approach to characterise both their microbiota and trophic interactions. The genetic results reported very low genetic diversity and corroborated the conspecificity between insular populations and P. liolepis from the mainland (Peñagolosa region). The results of the metabarcoding analyses based on faecal samples were in accordance with an omnivorous ecology, suggesting that specific microbiota communities in the insular populations might be correlated with differences in host ecology and phylogeny. These results are a valuable contribution to the current understanding of the evolution of Columbretes’ lizards and provide important information for conservation management. View Full-Text
Keywords: Podarcis liolepis; Columbretes Islands; phylogenetics; diversity; metabarcoding; faecal microbiota; lizard diet; conservation Podarcis liolepis; Columbretes Islands; phylogenetics; diversity; metabarcoding; faecal microbiota; lizard diet; conservation
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MDPI and ACS Style

Bassitta, M.; Alemany, I.; Pérez-Mellado, V.; Pérez-Cembranos, A.; Navarro, P.; Lluch, J.; Jurado-Rivera, J.A.; Castro, J.A.; Picornell, A.; Ramon, C. Phylogenetic, Microbiome, and Diet Characterisation of Wall Lizards in the Columbretes Archipelago (Spain): Clues for Their Conservation. Diversity 2022, 14, 408. https://doi.org/10.3390/d14050408

AMA Style

Bassitta M, Alemany I, Pérez-Mellado V, Pérez-Cembranos A, Navarro P, Lluch J, Jurado-Rivera JA, Castro JA, Picornell A, Ramon C. Phylogenetic, Microbiome, and Diet Characterisation of Wall Lizards in the Columbretes Archipelago (Spain): Clues for Their Conservation. Diversity. 2022; 14(5):408. https://doi.org/10.3390/d14050408

Chicago/Turabian Style

Bassitta, Marta, Iris Alemany, Valentín Pérez-Mellado, Ana Pérez-Cembranos, Pilar Navarro, Javier Lluch, José A. Jurado-Rivera, José A. Castro, Antònia Picornell, and Cori Ramon. 2022. "Phylogenetic, Microbiome, and Diet Characterisation of Wall Lizards in the Columbretes Archipelago (Spain): Clues for Their Conservation" Diversity 14, no. 5: 408. https://doi.org/10.3390/d14050408

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