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The Analysis of Italian Plant Agrobiodiversity Databases Reveals That Hilly and Sub-Mountain Areas Are Hotspots of Herbaceous Landraces

1
Centre of Applied Studies for the Sustainable Management and Protection of Mountain Areas–CRC Ge.S.Di.Mont., University of Milan, Via Morino 8, 25048 Edolo (BS), Italy
2
Department of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences-Production, Landscape and Agroenergy-DiSAA, University of Milan, Via Celoria 2, 20133 Milan (MI), Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Mario A. Pagnotta
Diversity 2021, 13(2), 70; https://doi.org/10.3390/d13020070
Received: 19 January 2021 / Revised: 5 February 2021 / Accepted: 6 February 2021 / Published: 9 February 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Plant Diversity)
Landraces are an agri-food and historical-cultural heritage but are undergoing losses worldwide. Italy is taking action to counteract this problem by following European guidelines. One of the most important measures is the Agrobiodiversity National Register (ANR), but 12 Italian regions currently appear without any landraces and around 80% of the landraces listed are trees, with less detailed data on herbaceous species. The aim of this study is to investigate the situation for Italian herbaceous landraces preserved on farms (in situ) by merging and analyzing data contained in the main databases on plant agrobiodiversity in Italy. Data were georeferenced, organized by botanic families and Italian regions, and analyzed by GIS and R. A total of 1615 herbaceous landraces were found (versus the 416 recorded in the ANR). Poaceae, Fabaceae, and Solanaceae together comprise 70% of all herbaceous landraces and are mostly preserved/grown in areas between 150 and 800 m a.s.l. Some hilly and sub-mountain areas of the Apennines and the Alps are hotspots of herbaceous landraces due to anthropic and environmental factors. The results of this research will be useful to enrich the ANR and trigger actions of characterization, conservation, and promotion of these plant resources. View Full-Text
Keywords: agrobiodiversity; crops; herbaceous plants; in situ conservation; plant diversity; plant genetic resources; traditional cultivars agrobiodiversity; crops; herbaceous plants; in situ conservation; plant diversity; plant genetic resources; traditional cultivars
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MDPI and ACS Style

Giupponi, L.; Pedrali, D.; Leoni, V.; Rodari, A.; Giorgi, A. The Analysis of Italian Plant Agrobiodiversity Databases Reveals That Hilly and Sub-Mountain Areas Are Hotspots of Herbaceous Landraces. Diversity 2021, 13, 70. https://doi.org/10.3390/d13020070

AMA Style

Giupponi L, Pedrali D, Leoni V, Rodari A, Giorgi A. The Analysis of Italian Plant Agrobiodiversity Databases Reveals That Hilly and Sub-Mountain Areas Are Hotspots of Herbaceous Landraces. Diversity. 2021; 13(2):70. https://doi.org/10.3390/d13020070

Chicago/Turabian Style

Giupponi, Luca, Davide Pedrali, Valeria Leoni, Alessia Rodari, and Annamaria Giorgi. 2021. "The Analysis of Italian Plant Agrobiodiversity Databases Reveals That Hilly and Sub-Mountain Areas Are Hotspots of Herbaceous Landraces" Diversity 13, no. 2: 70. https://doi.org/10.3390/d13020070

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