Next Article in Journal
Relative Efficiency of Pitfall Trapping vs. Nocturnal Hand Collecting in Assessing Soil-Dwelling Spider Diversity along A Structural Gradient of Neotropical Habitats
Next Article in Special Issue
Diversity and Conservation through Cultivation of Hypoxis in Africa—A Case Study of Hypoxis hemerocallidea
Previous Article in Journal
Green Fluorescence Patterns in Closely Related Symbiotic Species of Zanclea (Hydrozoa, Capitata)
Previous Article in Special Issue
Afromontane Forest Diversity and the Role of Grassland-Forest Transition in Tree Species Distribution
Review

The Role of Climate and Topography in Shaping the Diversity of Plant Communities in Cabo Verde Islands

1
Centre for Geographical Studies, Institute of Geography and Spatial Planning (IGOT), Universidade de Lisboa, Rua Branca Edmée Marques, 1600-276 Lisboa, Portugal
2
Linking Landscape, Environment, Agriculture and Food (LEAF), Instituto Superior de Agronomia (ISA), Universidade de Lisboa, 1349-017 Lisboa, Portugal
3
Centre of Studies in Geography and Spatial Planning (CEGOT), Department Geography and Tourism, University of Coimbra, Colégio de São Jerónimo, 3004-530 Coimbra, Portugal
4
Instituto Nacional de Investigação e Desenvolvimento Agrário (INIDA), Santiago, São Lourenço dos Orgãos CP 84, Cape Verde
5
Campus do Palmarejo, Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia, Universidade de Cabo Verde, CP 279, Praia, Santiago CP 279, Cape Verde
6
Direção Nacional do Ambiente (DNA-CV) & Associação Projecto Vitó, CP 47, Xaguate, S. Filipe, Ilha do Fogo CP47, Cape Verde
7
Centre for Ecology, Evolution and Environmental Changes (cE3c), Faculdade de Ciências, Universidade de Lisboa, 1749-017 Lisboa, Portugal
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Diversity 2020, 12(2), 80; https://doi.org/10.3390/d12020080
Received: 19 January 2020 / Revised: 14 February 2020 / Accepted: 15 February 2020 / Published: 19 February 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Biodiversity of Vegetation and Flora in Tropical Africa)
The flora and vegetation of the archipelago of Cabo Verde is dominated by Macaronesian, Mediterranean, and particularly by African tropical elements, resulting from its southernmost location, when compared to the other islands of the Macaronesia (i.e., Azores, Madeira, Selvagens, and Canary Islands). Very likely, such a geographical position entailed higher susceptibility to extreme climatic fluctuations, namely those associated with the West African Monsoon oscillations. These fluctuations led to a continuous aridification, which is a clear trend shown by most recent studies based on continental shelf cores. Promoting important environmental shifts, such climatic fluctuations are accepted as determinant to explain the current spatial distribution patterns of taxa, as well as the composition of the plant communities. In this paper, we present a comprehensive characterization of the main plant communities in Cabo Verde, and we discuss the role of the climatic and topoclimatic diversity in shaping the vegetation composition and distribution of this archipelago. Our study reveals a strong variation in the diversity of plant communities across elevation gradients and distinct patterns of richness among plant communities. Moreover, we present an overview of the biogeographical relationships of the Cabo Verde flora and vegetation with the other Macaronesian Islands and northwestern Africa. We discuss how the distribution of plant communities and genetic patterns found among most of the endemic lineages can be related to Africa’s ongoing aridification, exploring the impacts of a process that marks northern Africa from the Late Miocene until the present. View Full-Text
Keywords: vegetation; aridification in NW Africa; Macaronesian islands; distribution patterns; West African Monsoon (WAM); vascular flora vegetation; aridification in NW Africa; Macaronesian islands; distribution patterns; West African Monsoon (WAM); vascular flora
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Neto, C.; Costa, J.C.; Figueiredo, A.; Capelo, J.; Gomes, I.; Vitória, S.; Semedo, J.M.; Lopes, A.; Dinis, H.; Correia, E.; Duarte, M.C.; Romeiras, M.M. The Role of Climate and Topography in Shaping the Diversity of Plant Communities in Cabo Verde Islands. Diversity 2020, 12, 80. https://doi.org/10.3390/d12020080

AMA Style

Neto C, Costa JC, Figueiredo A, Capelo J, Gomes I, Vitória S, Semedo JM, Lopes A, Dinis H, Correia E, Duarte MC, Romeiras MM. The Role of Climate and Topography in Shaping the Diversity of Plant Communities in Cabo Verde Islands. Diversity. 2020; 12(2):80. https://doi.org/10.3390/d12020080

Chicago/Turabian Style

Neto, Carlos, José C. Costa, Albano Figueiredo, Jorge Capelo, Isildo Gomes, Sónia Vitória, José M. Semedo, António Lopes, Herculano Dinis, Ezequiel Correia, Maria C. Duarte, and Maria M. Romeiras 2020. "The Role of Climate and Topography in Shaping the Diversity of Plant Communities in Cabo Verde Islands" Diversity 12, no. 2: 80. https://doi.org/10.3390/d12020080

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop