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Diagnosis of Varroa Mite (Varroa destructor) and Sustainable Control in Honey Bee (Apis mellifera) Colonies—A Review

1
Faculty of Agriculture and Life Sciences, University of Maribor, Pivola 10, 2311 Hoče, Slovenia
2
Thad Cochran Southern Horticultural Research Laboratory, USDA, ARS, Poplarville, MS 39470, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Diversity 2019, 11(12), 243; https://doi.org/10.3390/d11120243
Received: 15 November 2019 / Revised: 9 December 2019 / Accepted: 12 December 2019 / Published: 16 December 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Monitoring of Honey Bee Colony Losses)
Determining varroa mite infestation levels in honey bee colonies and the proper method and time to perform a diagnosis are important for efficient mite control. Performing a powdered sugar shake or counting mites that drop from combs and bees onto a hive bottom board are two reliable methods for sampling varroa mite to evaluate the efficacy of an acaricide treatment. This overview summarizes studies that examine the efficacy of organic acids and essential oils, mite monitoring, and brood interruption for integrated varroa mite control in organic beekeeping. View Full-Text
Keywords: varroa mite detection; diagnosis; infestation; mortality; control; organic treatment varroa mite detection; diagnosis; infestation; mortality; control; organic treatment
MDPI and ACS Style

Gregorc, A.; Sampson, B. Diagnosis of Varroa Mite (Varroa destructor) and Sustainable Control in Honey Bee (Apis mellifera) Colonies—A Review. Diversity 2019, 11, 243.

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