Next Article in Journal
Germinable Soil Seed Bank in Biancana Badlands
Previous Article in Journal
Morphometric Evaluation of Phenotypic Groups of Creole Cattle of Southern Ecuador
Open AccessArticle

No Change Detected in Culturable Fungal Assemblages on Cave Walls in Eastern Canada with the Introduction of Pseudogymnoascus destructans

1
New Brunswick Museum, Saint John, New Brunswick, NB E2K 1E5, Canada
2
Canadian Wildlife Federation, Kanata, ON K2M 2W1, Canada
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Current address: Trent University, Peterborough, ON K9L 0G2, Canada.
Diversity 2019, 11(12), 222; https://doi.org/10.3390/d11120222
Received: 12 November 2019 / Revised: 21 November 2019 / Accepted: 22 November 2019 / Published: 23 November 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Microbial Diversity and Culture Collections)
Studies of fungi in caves have become increasingly important with the advent of white-nose syndrome (WNS), a disease caused by the invasive fungus Pseudogymnoascus destructans (Pd) that has killed an estimated 6.5 million North American bats. We swabbed cave walls in New Brunswick, Canada, in 2012 and 2015 to determine whether the culturable fungal assemblage on cave walls changed after the introduction of Pd and subsequent decrease in hibernating bat populations. We also compared fungal assemblages on cave walls to previous studies on the fungal assemblages of arthropods and hibernating bats in the same sites. The fungal diversity of bats and cave walls was more similar than on arthropods. The diversity and composition of fungal assemblages on cave walls was significantly different among media types and sites but did not differ over time. Therefore, no change in the culturable fungal assemblage present on cave walls was detected with the introduction of Pd and subsequent disappearance of the hibernating bat population over a 3-year period. This suggests that fungi documented in caves in the region prior to the outbreak of Pd do not require regular transmission of spores by bats to maintain fungal diversity at these sites. View Full-Text
Keywords: cave fungi; culture media; Pseudogymnoascus; bat fungi; white-nose syndrome; speleology; cave microbiology; fungal ecology; cave biology cave fungi; culture media; Pseudogymnoascus; bat fungi; white-nose syndrome; speleology; cave microbiology; fungal ecology; cave biology
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Vanderwolf, K.J.; Malloch, D.; McAlpine, D.F. No Change Detected in Culturable Fungal Assemblages on Cave Walls in Eastern Canada with the Introduction of Pseudogymnoascus destructans. Diversity 2019, 11, 222.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop