Next Article in Journal
Cumulative Human Impacts on Coral Reefs: Assessing Risk and Management Implications for Brazilian Coral Reefs
Previous Article in Journal
Influence of a Large Lake on the Winter Range of a Small Mammal: Lake Michigan and the Silver-Haired Bat (Lasionycteris noctivagans)
Article Menu
Issue 2 (June) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Diversity 2018, 10(2), 25;

Genetic, Bio-Agronomic, and Nutritional Characterization of Kale (Brassica Oleracea L. var. Acephala) Diversity in Apulia, Southern Italy

Department of the Sciences of Agriculture, Food and Environment, University of Foggia, via Napoli 25, I-71100 Foggia, Italy
Department of Soil, Plant and Food Science, University of Bari Aldo Moro, Via Amendola 165/A, 70126 Bari, Italy
Mediterranean Agronomic Institute of Bari–CIHEAM-IAMB, via Ceglie 9, 70010 Valenzano, Italy
Institute of Biomedical Technologies, National Research Council (CNR), Via Amendola 122/D, 70126 Bari, Italy
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 2 March 2018 / Revised: 11 April 2018 / Accepted: 13 April 2018 / Published: 17 April 2018
Full-Text   |   PDF [2580 KB, uploaded 3 May 2018]   |  


Kale (Brassica oleracea L. var. acephala) is a widely appreciated vegetable with a century-old history of cultivation in Italy. The present study was addressed to the collection and characterization of kale germplasm traditionally cultivated in Apulia, Southern Italy, nowadays at risk of genetic erosion. In total, nineteen Apulian kale accessions were acquired. Genotyping by means of simple sequence repeat (SSR) DNA markers led to the identification of highly informative primer combinations and highlighted significant patterns of molecular variation among accessions. Consistently, significant differences were observed with respect to morpho-agronomic traits, including yield and harvesting time, and the content of bioactive compounds, namely total phenols, flavonoids, and anthocyanins, associated with antioxidant activity. Overall, this study led to the establishment of an ex situ collection of great importance to preserve endangered Apulian kale germplasm and to provide seed access to potential growers. Meanwhile, it offers a first characterization of Apulian kale, useful to promote its consumption and valorisation through breeding programmes. View Full-Text
Keywords: kale; germplasm; molecular markers; bioactive compounds; breeding kale; germplasm; molecular markers; bioactive compounds; breeding

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Supplementary material


Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Lotti, C.; Iovieno, P.; Centomani, I.; Marcotrigiano, A.R.; Fanelli, V.; Mimiola, G.; Summo, C.; Pavan, S.; Ricciardi, L. Genetic, Bio-Agronomic, and Nutritional Characterization of Kale (Brassica Oleracea L. var. Acephala) Diversity in Apulia, Southern Italy. Diversity 2018, 10, 25.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Diversity EISSN 1424-2818 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top