Next Article in Journal
Corticosteroids for COVID-19 Therapy: Potential Implications on Tuberculosis
Previous Article in Journal
Identification of Genes Involved in Fe–S Cluster Biosynthesis of Nitrogenase in Paenibacillus polymyxa WLY78
Previous Article in Special Issue
Some Molecular and Cellular Stress Mechanisms Associated with Neurodegenerative Diseases and Atherosclerosis
Open AccessReview

Manmade Electromagnetic Fields and Oxidative Stress—Biological Effects and Consequences for Health

1
Department of Biomedicine, University of Basel, Mattenstrasse 28, CH-4058 Basel, Switzerland
2
Veterinary Pharmacology and Toxicology, Vetsuisse Faculty, University of Bern, Laenggassstrasse 124, CH-3012 Bern, Switzerland
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Maria Luisa Balestrieri
Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2021, 22(7), 3772; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms22073772
Received: 17 February 2021 / Revised: 19 March 2021 / Accepted: 30 March 2021 / Published: 6 April 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Molecular Mechanisms of Genotoxicity)
Concomitant with the ever-expanding use of electrical appliances and mobile communication systems, public and occupational exposure to electromagnetic fields (EMF) in the extremely-low-frequency and radiofrequency range has become a widely debated environmental risk factor for health. Radiofrequency (RF) EMF and extremely-low-frequency (ELF) MF have been classified as possibly carcinogenic to humans (Group 2B) by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC). The production of reactive oxygen species (ROS), potentially leading to cellular or systemic oxidative stress, was frequently found to be influenced by EMF exposure in animals and cells. In this review, we summarize key experimental findings on oxidative stress related to EMF exposure from animal and cell studies of the last decade. The observations are discussed in the context of molecular mechanisms and functionalities relevant to health such as neurological function, genome stability, immune response, and reproduction. Most animal and many cell studies showed increased oxidative stress caused by RF-EMF and ELF-MF. In order to estimate the risk for human health by manmade exposure, experimental studies in humans and epidemiological studies need to be considered as well. View Full-Text
Keywords: oxidative stress; ROS; electromagnetic field; extremely low frequency; radiofrequency; environment and public health; environmental exposure; animal study; cultured cells oxidative stress; ROS; electromagnetic field; extremely low frequency; radiofrequency; environment and public health; environmental exposure; animal study; cultured cells
Show Figures

Graphical abstract

MDPI and ACS Style

Schuermann, D.; Mevissen, M. Manmade Electromagnetic Fields and Oxidative Stress—Biological Effects and Consequences for Health. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2021, 22, 3772. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms22073772

AMA Style

Schuermann D, Mevissen M. Manmade Electromagnetic Fields and Oxidative Stress—Biological Effects and Consequences for Health. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2021; 22(7):3772. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms22073772

Chicago/Turabian Style

Schuermann, David; Mevissen, Meike. 2021. "Manmade Electromagnetic Fields and Oxidative Stress—Biological Effects and Consequences for Health" Int. J. Mol. Sci. 22, no. 7: 3772. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms22073772

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop