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Metabolites Produced by the Oral Commensal Bacterium Corynebacterium durum Extend the Lifespan of Caenorhabditis elegans via SIR-2.1 Overexpression

1
Department of Pharmacy, Woosuk University, Wanju, Jeonbuk 55338, Korea
2
Department of Biochemistry, Chonbuk National University Medical School, Jeonju, Jeonbuk 54896, Korea
3
National Institute of Animal Science, RDA, Wanju, Jeonbuk 55365, Korea
4
College of Pharmacy, Chonbuk National University, Jeonju, Jeonbuk 54896, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2020, 21(6), 2212; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms21062212
Received: 16 February 2020 / Revised: 8 March 2020 / Accepted: 21 March 2020 / Published: 23 March 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Biochemistry)
Human microbiota is heavily involved in host health, including the aging process. Based on the hypothesis that the human microbiota manipulates host aging via the production of chemical messengers, lifespan-extending activities of the metabolites produced by the oral commensal bacterium Corynebacterium durum and derivatives thereof were evaluated using the model organism Caenorhabditis elegans. Chemical investigation of the acetone extract of a C. durum culture led to the identification of monoamines and N-acetyl monoamines as major metabolites. Phenethylamine and N-acetylphenethylamine induced a potent and dose-dependent increase of the C. elegans lifespan, up to 21.6% and 19.9%, respectively. A mechanistic study revealed that the induction of SIR-2.1, a highly conserved protein associated with the regulation of lifespan, was responsible for the observed increased longevity. View Full-Text
Keywords: human microbiota; lifespan-extending activities; Corynebacterium durum; Caenorhabditis elegans; phenethylamine; N-acetylphenethylamine; SIR-2.1 human microbiota; lifespan-extending activities; Corynebacterium durum; Caenorhabditis elegans; phenethylamine; N-acetylphenethylamine; SIR-2.1
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Kim, J.H.; Bang, I.H.; Noh, Y.J.; Kim, D.K.; Bae, E.J.; Hwang, I.H. Metabolites Produced by the Oral Commensal Bacterium Corynebacterium durum Extend the Lifespan of Caenorhabditis elegans via SIR-2.1 Overexpression. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2020, 21, 2212.

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