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Article

Different MicroRNA Families Involved in Regulating High Temperature Stress Response during Cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) Anther Development

1
College of Bioscience and Biotechnology, Hunan Agricultural University, Changsha 410128, China
2
Cotton Sciences Research Institute of Hunan Province, Changde 415101, China
3
Hunan Plant Protection Institute, Hunan Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Changsha 410125, China
4
Key laboratory of Plant Molecular Physiology, Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100093, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2020, 21(4), 1280; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms21041280
Received: 2 December 2019 / Revised: 26 January 2020 / Accepted: 12 February 2020 / Published: 14 February 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Abiotic Stress and Gene Networks in Plants 2020)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small molecule RNAs widely involved in responses to plant abiotic stresses. We performed small RNA sequencing of cotton anthers at four developmental stages under normal and high temperature (NT and HT, respectively) conditions to investigate the stress response characteristics of miRNA to HT. A total of 77 miRNAs, including 33 known miRNAs and 44 novel miRNAs, were identified, and 41 and 28 miRNAs were differentially expressed under NT and HT stress conditions, respectively. The sporogenous cell proliferation (SCP), meiotic phase (MP), microspore release period (MRP), and pollen maturity (PM) stages had 10 (including 12 miRNAs), four (including six miRNAs), four (including five miRNAs), and seven (including 11 miRNAs) HT stress-responsive miRNA families, respectively, which were identified after removing the changes in genotype-specific miRNAs under NT condition. Seven miRNA families (miR2949, miR167, and miR160 at the SCP stage; miR156 and miR172 at the MP stage; miR156 at the MRP stage; and miR393 and miR3476 at the PM stage), which had expression abundance of more than 10% of the total expression abundance, served as the main regulators responding to HT stress with positive or negative regulation patterns. These miRNAs orchestrated the expression of the corresponding target genes and led to different responses in the HT-tolerant and the HT-sensitive lines. The results revealed that the HT stress response of miRNAs in cotton anthers were stage-specific and differed with the development of anthers. Our study may enhance the understanding of the response of miRNAs to HT stress in cotton anthers and may clarify the mechanism of plant tolerance to HT stress. View Full-Text
Keywords: cotton; high temperature stress; miRNA family; anther development; miRNA sequencing cotton; high temperature stress; miRNA family; anther development; miRNA sequencing
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MDPI and ACS Style

Chen, J.; Pan, A.; He, S.; Su, P.; Yuan, X.; Zhu, S.; Liu, Z. Different MicroRNA Families Involved in Regulating High Temperature Stress Response during Cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) Anther Development. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2020, 21, 1280. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms21041280

AMA Style

Chen J, Pan A, He S, Su P, Yuan X, Zhu S, Liu Z. Different MicroRNA Families Involved in Regulating High Temperature Stress Response during Cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) Anther Development. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2020; 21(4):1280. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms21041280

Chicago/Turabian Style

Chen, Jin; Pan, Ao; He, Shujun; Su, Pin; Yuan, Xiaoling; Zhu, Shengwei; Liu, Zhi. 2020. "Different MicroRNA Families Involved in Regulating High Temperature Stress Response during Cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) Anther Development" Int. J. Mol. Sci. 21, no. 4: 1280. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms21041280

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