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Brucella Genomics: Macro and Micro Evolution

1
Programa de Investigación en Enfermedades Tropicales, Escuela de Medicina Veterinaria, Universidad Nacional, Heredia 3000, Costa Rica
2
Centro de Investigación en Enfermedades Tropicales, Facultad de Microbiología, Universidad de Costa Rica, San José 1180, Costa Rica
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2020, 21(20), 7749; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms21207749
Received: 1 September 2020 / Revised: 8 October 2020 / Accepted: 11 October 2020 / Published: 20 October 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances on Bacterial Genomics)
Brucella organisms are responsible for one of the most widespread bacterial zoonoses, named brucellosis. The disease affects several species of animals, including humans. One of the most intriguing aspects of the brucellae is that the various species show a ~97% similarity at the genome level. Still, the distinct Brucella species display different host preferences, zoonotic risk, and virulence. After 133 years of research, there are many aspects of the Brucella biology that remain poorly understood, such as host adaptation and virulence mechanisms. A strategy to understand these characteristics focuses on the relationship between the genomic diversity and host preference of the various Brucella species. Pseudogenization, genome reduction, single nucleotide polymorphism variation, number of tandem repeats, and mobile genetic elements are unveiled markers for host adaptation and virulence. Understanding the mechanisms of genome variability in the Brucella genus is relevant to comprehend the emergence of pathogens. View Full-Text
Keywords: Brucella; brucellosis; genome reduction; pseudogene; IS711; SNPs Brucella; brucellosis; genome reduction; pseudogene; IS711; SNPs
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MDPI and ACS Style

Suárez-Esquivel, M.; Chaves-Olarte, E.; Moreno, E.; Guzmán-Verri, C. Brucella Genomics: Macro and Micro Evolution. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2020, 21, 7749. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms21207749

AMA Style

Suárez-Esquivel M, Chaves-Olarte E, Moreno E, Guzmán-Verri C. Brucella Genomics: Macro and Micro Evolution. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2020; 21(20):7749. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms21207749

Chicago/Turabian Style

Suárez-Esquivel, Marcela, Esteban Chaves-Olarte, Edgardo Moreno, and Caterina Guzmán-Verri. 2020. "Brucella Genomics: Macro and Micro Evolution" International Journal of Molecular Sciences 21, no. 20: 7749. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms21207749

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