C-X-C Motif Chemokine Ligand 14 is a Unique Multifunctional Regulator of Tumor Progression
AbstractCancer is a leading cause of death and disease worldwide, with a tremendous financial impact. Thus, the development of cost-effective novel approaches for suppressing tumor growth and progression is essential. In an attempt to identify the mechanisms responsible for tumor suppression, we screened for molecules downregulated in a cancer progression model and found that the chemokine CXCL14, also called BRAK, was the most significantly downregulated. Increasing the production of CXCL14 protein by transfecting tumor cells with a CXCL14 expression vector and transplanting the cells into the back skin of immunodeficient mice suppressed tumor cell growth compared with that of parental tumor cells, suggesting that CXCL14 suppressed tumor growth in vivo. However, some studies have reported that over-expression of CXCL14, especially in stromal cells, stimulated the progression of tumor formation. Transgenic mice expressing 10-fold more CXCL14 protein than wild-type C57BL/6 mice showed reduced rates of chemical carcinogenesis, transplanted tumor growth, and metastasis without apparent side effects. CXCL14 also acts as an antimicrobial molecule. In this review, we highlight recent studies involving the identification and characterization of CXCL14 in cancer progression and discuss the reasons for the context-dependent effects of CXCL14 on tumor formation. View Full-Text
Share & Cite This Article
Yang, X.-Y.; Ozawa, S.; Kato, Y.; Maehata, Y.; Izukuri, K.; Ikoma, T.; Kanamori, K.; Akasaka, T.; Suzuki, K.; Iwabuchi, H.; Kurata, S.-I.; Katoh, I.; Sakurai, T.; Kiyono, T.; Hata, R.-I. C-X-C Motif Chemokine Ligand 14 is a Unique Multifunctional Regulator of Tumor Progression. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2019, 20, 1872.
Yang X-Y, Ozawa S, Kato Y, Maehata Y, Izukuri K, Ikoma T, Kanamori K, Akasaka T, Suzuki K, Iwabuchi H, Kurata S-I, Katoh I, Sakurai T, Kiyono T, Hata R-I. C-X-C Motif Chemokine Ligand 14 is a Unique Multifunctional Regulator of Tumor Progression. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2019; 20(8):1872.Chicago/Turabian Style
Yang, Xiao-Yan; Ozawa, Shigeyuki; Kato, Yasumasa; Maehata, Yojiro; Izukuri, Kazuhito; Ikoma, Takeharu; Kanamori, Keisuke; Akasaka, Tetsu; Suzuki, Kenji; Iwabuchi, Hiroshi; Kurata, Shun-Ichi; Katoh, Iyoko; Sakurai, Takashi; Kiyono, Tohru; Hata, Ryu-Ichiro. 2019. "C-X-C Motif Chemokine Ligand 14 is a Unique Multifunctional Regulator of Tumor Progression." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 20, no. 8: 1872.
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.