Superantigenic Activation of Human Cardiac Mast Cells
AbstractB cell superantigens, also called immunoglobulin superantigens, bind to the variable regions of either the heavy or light chain of immunoglobulins mirroring the lymphocyte-activating properties of classical T cell superantigens. Protein A of Staphylococcus aureus, protein L of Peptostreptococcus magnus, and gp120 of HIV are typical immunoglobulin superantigens. Mast cells are immune cells expressing the high-affinity receptor for IgE (FcεRI) and are strategically located in the human heart, where they play a role in several cardiometabolic diseases. Here, we investigated whether immunoglobulin superantigens induced the activation of human heart mast cells (HHMCs). Protein A induced the de novo synthesis of cysteinyl leukotriene C4 (LTC4) from HHMCs through the interaction with IgE VH3+ bound to FcεRI. Protein L stimulated the production of prostaglandin D2 (PGD2) from HHMCs through the interaction with κ light chains of IgE. HIV glycoprotein gp120 induced the release of preformed (histamine) and de novo synthesized mediators, such as cysteinyl leukotriene C4 (LTC4), angiogenic (VEGF-A), and lymphangiogenic (VEGF-C) factors by interacting with the VH3 region of IgE. Collectively, our data indicate that bacterial and viral immunoglobulin superantigens can interact with different regions of IgE bound to FcεRI to induce the release of proinflammatory, angiogenic, and lymphangiogenic factors from human cardiac mast cells.
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Varricchi, G.; Loffredo, S.; Borriello, F.; Pecoraro, A.; Rivellese, F.; Genovese, A.; Spadaro, G.; Marone, G. Superantigenic Activation of Human Cardiac Mast Cells. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2019, 20, 1828.
Varricchi G, Loffredo S, Borriello F, Pecoraro A, Rivellese F, Genovese A, Spadaro G, Marone G. Superantigenic Activation of Human Cardiac Mast Cells. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2019; 20(8):1828.Chicago/Turabian Style
Varricchi, Gilda; Loffredo, Stefania; Borriello, Francesco; Pecoraro, Antonio; Rivellese, Felice; Genovese, Arturo; Spadaro, Giuseppe; Marone, Gianni. 2019. "Superantigenic Activation of Human Cardiac Mast Cells." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 20, no. 8: 1828.
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