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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2019, 20(8), 1810; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms20081810

miR-590-3p Targets Cyclin G2 and FOXO3 to Promote Ovarian Cancer Cell Proliferation, Invasion, and Spheroid Formation

1
Department of Biology, York University, Toronto, ON M3J 1P3, Canada
2
Centre for Research on Molecular Interactions, York University, Toronto, ON M3J 1P3, Canada
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 1 March 2019 / Revised: 3 April 2019 / Accepted: 8 April 2019 / Published: 12 April 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Molecular Mechanisms of Ovarian Cancer Development and Metastasis)
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Abstract

Ovarian cancer is the leading cause of death from gynecological cancers. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small, non-coding RNAs that interact with the 3′ untranslated region (3′ UTR) of target genes to repress their expression. We have previously reported that miR-590-3p promoted ovarian cancer growth and metastasis, in part by targeting Forkhead box A (FOXA2). In this study, we further investigated the mechanisms by which miR-590-3p promotes ovarian cancer development. Using luciferase reporter assays, real-time PCR, and Western blot analyses, we demonstrated that miR-590-3p targets cyclin G2 (CCNG2) and Forkhead box class O3 (FOXO3) at their 3′ UTRs. Silencing of CCNG2 or FOXO3 mimicked, while the overexpression of CCNG2 or FOXO3 reversed, the stimulatory effect of miR-590-3p on cell proliferation and invasion. In hanging drop cultures, the overexpression of mir-590 or the transient transfection of miR-590-3p mimics induced the formation of compact spheroids. Transfection of the CCNG2 or FOXO3 plasmid into the mir-590 cells resulted in the partial disruption of the compact spheroid formation. Since we have shown that CCNG2 suppressed β-catenin signaling, we investigated if miR-590-3p regulated β-catenin activity. In the TOPFlash luciferase reporter assays, mir-590 increased β-catenin/TCF transcriptional activity and the nuclear accumulation of β-catenin. Silencing of β-catenin attenuated the effect of mir-590 on the compact spheroid formation. Taken together, these results suggest that miR-590-3p promotes ovarian cancer development, in part by directly targeting CCNG2 and FOXO3. View Full-Text
Keywords: miR-590-3p; ovarian cancer; spheroid formation; Cyclin G2; FOXO3; β-catenin miR-590-3p; ovarian cancer; spheroid formation; Cyclin G2; FOXO3; β-catenin
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Salem, M.; Shan, Y.; Bernaudo, S.; Peng, C. miR-590-3p Targets Cyclin G2 and FOXO3 to Promote Ovarian Cancer Cell Proliferation, Invasion, and Spheroid Formation. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2019, 20, 1810.

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