Garcinol Sensitizes NSCLC Cells to Standard Therapies by Regulating EMT-Modulating miRNAs
AbstractGarcinol, a dietary factor obtained from Garcinia indica, modulates several key cellular signaling pathways as well as the expression of miRNAs. Acquired resistance to standard therapies, such as erlotinib and cisplatin, is a hallmark of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cells that often involves miRNA-regulated epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT). We used A549 cells that were exposed to transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGF-β1), resulting in A549M cells with mesenchymal and drug resistant phenotype, and report that garcinol sensitized resistant cells with mesenchymal phenotype to erlotinib as well as cisplatin with significant decrease in their IC50 values. It also potentiated the apoptosis-inducing activity of erlotinib in A549M and the endogenously mesenchymal H1299 NSCLC cells. Further, garcinol significantly upregulated several key EMT-regulating miRNAs, such as miR-200b, miR-205, miR-218, and let-7c. Antagonizing miRNAs, through anti-miRNA transfections, attenuated the EMT-modulating activity of garcinol, as determined by mRNA expression of EMT markers, E-cadherin, vimentin, and Zinc Finger E-Box Binding Homeobox 1 (ZEB1). This further led to repression of erlotinib as well as cisplatin sensitization, thus establishing the mechanistic role of miRNAs, particularly miR-200c and let-7c, in garcinol-mediated reversal of EMT and the resulting sensitization of NSCLC cells to standard therapies. View Full-Text
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Farhan, M.; Malik, A.; Ullah, M.F.; Afaq, S.; Faisal, M.; Farooqi, A.A.; Biersack, B.; Schobert, R.; Ahmad, A. Garcinol Sensitizes NSCLC Cells to Standard Therapies by Regulating EMT-Modulating miRNAs. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2019, 20, 800.
Farhan M, Malik A, Ullah MF, Afaq S, Faisal M, Farooqi AA, Biersack B, Schobert R, Ahmad A. Garcinol Sensitizes NSCLC Cells to Standard Therapies by Regulating EMT-Modulating miRNAs. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2019; 20(4):800.Chicago/Turabian Style
Farhan, Mohd; Malik, Arshi; Ullah, Mohammad F.; Afaq, Sarah; Faisal, Mohd; Farooqi, Ammad A.; Biersack, Bernhard; Schobert, Rainer; Ahmad, Aamir. 2019. "Garcinol Sensitizes NSCLC Cells to Standard Therapies by Regulating EMT-Modulating miRNAs." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 20, no. 4: 800.
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