Abnormal Expression of c-Myc Oncogene in NK Cells in Patients with Cancer
AbstractNatural killer (NK) cells have received a lot of attention in recent years for the roles they play in immunity and particularly in antitumor immune responses. Although defects in NK cell functions are recognized as important mechanisms for immune evasion of malignant cells, molecular pathways regulating NK cell dysfunction and exhaustion in cancer are largely unknown. Here we tested whether the c-myc proto-oncogene, known to promote cell proliferation, growth, differentiation, and apoptosis by regulating the expression of numerous target genes, may be involved in the mechanism of NK cell abnormalities in patients with lung and gastric cancer. Analysis of c-myc mRNA and protein expression in peripheral blood NK cells, mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) activity, cell cycle, and cell longevity revealed a significantly decreased expression of c-myc mRNA and protein and mitotic arrest of NK cells in different phases of cell cycle. In addition, a significant decrease of NK cell death was also detected. These data allow the suggestion that defects of NK cell-mediated tumor surveillance may be associated with disturbed c-myc expression in NK cells in cancer patients. A better understanding of the mechanisms of NK cell dysfunction in cancer will help in the NK cell-mediated therapeutic eradication of primary and metastatic cancer cells and prolong patient survival. View Full-Text
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Zakiryanova, G.K.; Kustova, E.; Urazalieva, N.T.; Baimuchametov, E.T.; Nakisbekov, N.N.; Shurin, M.R. Abnormal Expression of c-Myc Oncogene in NK Cells in Patients with Cancer. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2019, 20, 756.
Zakiryanova GK, Kustova E, Urazalieva NT, Baimuchametov ET, Nakisbekov NN, Shurin MR. Abnormal Expression of c-Myc Oncogene in NK Cells in Patients with Cancer. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2019; 20(3):756.Chicago/Turabian Style
Zakiryanova, Gulnur K.; Kustova, Elena; Urazalieva, Nataliya T.; Baimuchametov, Emile T.; Nakisbekov, Narymzhan N.; Shurin, Michael R. 2019. "Abnormal Expression of c-Myc Oncogene in NK Cells in Patients with Cancer." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 20, no. 3: 756.
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