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How Epigenetic Modifications Drive the Expression and Mediate the Action of PGC-1α in the Regulation of Metabolism

1
Biozentrum, University of Basel, 4056 Basel, Switzerland
2
Swiss Institute of Bioinformatics, 4056 Basel, Switzerland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2019, 20(21), 5449; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms20215449
Received: 30 September 2019 / Revised: 29 October 2019 / Accepted: 29 October 2019 / Published: 31 October 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue PPARs in Metabolic Regulation: Implications for Health and Disease)
Epigenetic changes are a hallmark of short- and long-term transcriptional regulation, and hence instrumental in the control of cellular identity and plasticity. Epigenetic mechanisms leading to changes in chromatin structure, accessibility for recruitment of transcriptional complexes, and interaction of enhancers and promoters all contribute to acute and chronic adaptations of cells, tissues and organs to internal and external perturbations. Similarly, the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ coactivator 1α (PGC-1α) is activated by stimuli that alter the cellular energetic demand, and subsequently controls complex transcriptional networks responsible for cellular plasticity. It thus is of no surprise that PGC-1α is under the control of epigenetic mechanisms, and constitutes a mediator of epigenetic changes in various tissues and contexts. In this review, we summarize the current knowledge of the link between epigenetics and PGC-1α in health and disease. View Full-Text
Keywords: peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ coactivator 1α (PGC-1α); exercise; metabolism; epigenetics; histone modification; DNA methylation; micro RNA; gene regulation; thermogenesis; metabolic diseases peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ coactivator 1α (PGC-1α); exercise; metabolism; epigenetics; histone modification; DNA methylation; micro RNA; gene regulation; thermogenesis; metabolic diseases
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Krämer, A.I.; Handschin, C. How Epigenetic Modifications Drive the Expression and Mediate the Action of PGC-1α in the Regulation of Metabolism. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2019, 20, 5449.

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