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Open AccessReview

Ultrafine Particles from Residential Biomass Combustion: A Review on Experimental Data and Toxicological Response

1
Laboratory of Toxicology, ESP, Università degli Studi di Milano, 20133 Milan, Italy
2
Laboratory of Toxicology, DISFEB, Università degli Studi di Milano, 20133 Milan, Italy
3
Department of Physics, Università degli Studi di Milano, and INFN-Milan, Milan 20133, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2019, 20(20), 4992; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms20204992
Received: 20 August 2019 / Revised: 28 September 2019 / Accepted: 6 October 2019 / Published: 9 October 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Inhalation Toxicology and Biological Response)
Biomass burning is considered an important source of indoor and outdoor air pollutants worldwide. Due to competitive costs and climate change sustainability compared to fossil fuels, biomass combustion for residential heating is increasing and expected to become the major source of primary particulate matter emission over the next 5–15 years. The understanding of health effects and measures necessary to reduce biomass emissions of harmful compounds is mandatory to protect public health. The intent of this review is to report available data on ultrafine particles (UFPs, i.e., particles with diameter smaller than 100 nm) emitted by residential biomass combustion and their effects on human health (in vitro and in vivo studies). Indeed, as far as we know, papers focusing specifically on UFPs originating from residential biomass combustion and their impact on human health are still lacking.
Keywords: biomass combustion; residential heating; ultrafine particles; chemical composition; toxicity biomass combustion; residential heating; ultrafine particles; chemical composition; toxicity
MDPI and ACS Style

Corsini, E.; Marinovich, M.; Vecchi, R. Ultrafine Particles from Residential Biomass Combustion: A Review on Experimental Data and Toxicological Response. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2019, 20, 4992.

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