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Mitochondria-Targeting Antioxidant Provides Cardioprotection through Regulation of Cytosolic and Mitochondrial Zn2+ Levels with Re-Distribution of Zn2+-Transporters in Aged Rat Cardiomyocytes
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Open AccessArticle

Effect of Zinc Supplementation on Renal Anemia in 5/6-Nephrectomized Rats and a Comparison with Treatment with Recombinant Human Erythropoietin

1
Department of Food Science, College of Life Sciences, National Taiwan Ocean University, Keelung 20224, Taiwan
2
Department of Basic Medicine, The Center of Translational Medicine, Xiamen Medical College, Xiamen 361023, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2019, 20(20), 4985; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms20204985
Received: 23 August 2019 / Revised: 28 September 2019 / Accepted: 29 September 2019 / Published: 9 October 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Zinc Biology 2019)
Anemia is a severe complication in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Treatment with exogenous erythropoietin (EPO) can correct anemia in many with CKD. We produced 5/6-nephrectomized rats that became uremic and anemic at 25 days post surgery. Injection of the anemic 5/6-nephrectomized rats with 2.8 mg zinc/kg body weight raised their red blood cell (RBC) levels from approximately 85% of the control to 95% in one day and continued for 4 days. We compared the effect of ZnSO4 and recombinant human erythropoietin (rHuEPO) injections on relieving anemia in 5/6-nephrectomized rats. After three consecutive injections, both the ZnSO4 and rHuEPO groups had significantly higher RBC levels (98 ± 6% and 102 ± 6% of the control) than the saline group (90 ± 3% of the control). In vivo, zinc relieved anemia in 5/6-nephrectomized rats similar to rHuEPO. In vitro, we cultured rat bone marrow cells supplemented with ZnCl2, rHuEPO, or saline. In a 4-day suspension culture, we found that zinc induced erythropoiesis similar to rHuEPO. When rat bone marrow cells were supplement-cultured with zinc, we found that zinc stimulated the production of EPO in the culture medium and that the level of EPO produced was dependent on the concentration of zinc supplemented. The production of EPO via zinc supplementation was involved in the process of erythropoiesis. View Full-Text
Keywords: chronic kidney disease; EPO production; 5/6-nephrectomized rats; renal anemia; zinc supplementation chronic kidney disease; EPO production; 5/6-nephrectomized rats; renal anemia; zinc supplementation
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Feng, H.-L.; Chen, Y.-H.; Jeng, S.-S. Effect of Zinc Supplementation on Renal Anemia in 5/6-Nephrectomized Rats and a Comparison with Treatment with Recombinant Human Erythropoietin. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2019, 20, 4985.

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