Preferential Localization of MUC1 Glycoprotein in Exosomes Secreted by Non-Small Cell Lung Carcinoma Cells
AbstractLung cancer remains to be the leading cause of cancer-related mortality worldwide. Finding new noninvasive biomarkers for lung cancer is still a significant clinical challenge. Exosomes are membrane-bound, nano-sized vesicles that are released by various living cells. Studies on exosomal proteomics may provide clues for developing clinical assays. In this study, we performed semi-quantitative proteomic analysis of proteins that were purified from exosomes of NCI-H838 non-small cell lung cancer cell line, with total cellular membrane proteins as control. In the exosomes, LC-MS/MS by data-independent analysis mode identified 3235 proteins. THBS1, ANXA6, HIST1H4A, COL18A1, MDK, SRGN, ENO1, TUBA4A, SLC3A2, GPI, MIF, MUC1, TALDO1, SLC7A5, ICAM1, HSP90AA1, G6PD, and LRP1 were found to be expressed in exosomes at more than 5-fold higher level as compared to total cellular membrane proteins. A well-known cancer biomarker, MUC1, is expressed at 8.98-fold higher in exosomes than total cellular membrane proteins. Subsequent analysis of plasma exosomes from non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients by a commercial electrochemiluminescence immunoassay showed that exosomal MUC1 level is 1.5-fold higher than healthy individuals (mean value 1.55 ± 0.16 versus mean value 1.05 ± 0.06, p = 0.0213). In contrast, no significant difference of MUC1 level was found between NSCLC patients and healthy individuals′ plasma (mean value 5.48 ± 0.65 versus mean value 4.16 ± 0.49). These results suggest that certain proteins, such as MUC1, are selectively enriched in the exosome compartment. The mechanisms for their preferential localization and their biological roles remain to be studied. View Full-Text
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Pan, D.; Chen, J.; Feng, C.; Wu, W.; Wang, Y.; Tong, J.; Zhou, D. Preferential Localization of MUC1 Glycoprotein in Exosomes Secreted by Non-Small Cell Lung Carcinoma Cells. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2019, 20, 323.
Pan D, Chen J, Feng C, Wu W, Wang Y, Tong J, Zhou D. Preferential Localization of MUC1 Glycoprotein in Exosomes Secreted by Non-Small Cell Lung Carcinoma Cells. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2019; 20(2):323.Chicago/Turabian Style
Pan, Deng; Chen, Jiaxi; Feng, Chunchao; Wu, Weibo; Wang, Yanjin; Tong, Jiao; Zhou, Dapeng. 2019. "Preferential Localization of MUC1 Glycoprotein in Exosomes Secreted by Non-Small Cell Lung Carcinoma Cells." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 20, no. 2: 323.
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