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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2019, 20(2), 323; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms20020323

Preferential Localization of MUC1 Glycoprotein in Exosomes Secreted by Non-Small Cell Lung Carcinoma Cells

Tongji University School of Medicine, Shanghai 200092, China
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 17 December 2018 / Revised: 7 January 2019 / Accepted: 10 January 2019 / Published: 14 January 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Molecular Pathology, Diagnostics, and Therapeutics)
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Abstract

Lung cancer remains to be the leading cause of cancer-related mortality worldwide. Finding new noninvasive biomarkers for lung cancer is still a significant clinical challenge. Exosomes are membrane-bound, nano-sized vesicles that are released by various living cells. Studies on exosomal proteomics may provide clues for developing clinical assays. In this study, we performed semi-quantitative proteomic analysis of proteins that were purified from exosomes of NCI-H838 non-small cell lung cancer cell line, with total cellular membrane proteins as control. In the exosomes, LC-MS/MS by data-independent analysis mode identified 3235 proteins. THBS1, ANXA6, HIST1H4A, COL18A1, MDK, SRGN, ENO1, TUBA4A, SLC3A2, GPI, MIF, MUC1, TALDO1, SLC7A5, ICAM1, HSP90AA1, G6PD, and LRP1 were found to be expressed in exosomes at more than 5-fold higher level as compared to total cellular membrane proteins. A well-known cancer biomarker, MUC1, is expressed at 8.98-fold higher in exosomes than total cellular membrane proteins. Subsequent analysis of plasma exosomes from non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients by a commercial electrochemiluminescence immunoassay showed that exosomal MUC1 level is 1.5-fold higher than healthy individuals (mean value 1.55 ± 0.16 versus mean value 1.05 ± 0.06, p = 0.0213). In contrast, no significant difference of MUC1 level was found between NSCLC patients and healthy individuals′ plasma (mean value 5.48 ± 0.65 versus mean value 4.16 ± 0.49). These results suggest that certain proteins, such as MUC1, are selectively enriched in the exosome compartment. The mechanisms for their preferential localization and their biological roles remain to be studied. View Full-Text
Keywords: exosome; non-small cell lung cancer; MUC1; biomarker; exosomal proteomics exosome; non-small cell lung cancer; MUC1; biomarker; exosomal proteomics
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Pan, D.; Chen, J.; Feng, C.; Wu, W.; Wang, Y.; Tong, J.; Zhou, D. Preferential Localization of MUC1 Glycoprotein in Exosomes Secreted by Non-Small Cell Lung Carcinoma Cells. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2019, 20, 323.

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