Adaptable Model Parameters in Non-Invasive Prenatal Testing Lead to More Stable Predictions
AbstractRecent advances in massively parallel shotgun sequencing opened up new options for affordable non-invasive prenatal testing (NIPT) for fetus aneuploidy from DNA material extracted from maternal plasma. Tests typically compare chromosomal distributions of a tested sample with a control set of healthy samples with unaffected fetuses. Deviations above certain threshold levels are concluded as positive findings. The main problem with this approach is that the variance of the control set is dependent on the number of sequenced fragments. The higher the amount, the more precise the estimation of actual chromosomal proportions is. Testing a sample with a highly different number of sequenced reads as used in training may thus lead to over- or under-estimation of their variance, and so lead to false predictions. We propose the calculation of a variance for each tested sample adaptively, based on the actual number of its sequenced fragments. We demonstrate how it leads to more stable predictions, mainly in real-world diagnostics with the highly divergent inter-sample coverage.
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Gazdarica, J.; Budis, J.; Duris, F.; Turna, J.; Szemes, T. Adaptable Model Parameters in Non-Invasive Prenatal Testing Lead to More Stable Predictions. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2019, 20, 3414.
Gazdarica J, Budis J, Duris F, Turna J, Szemes T. Adaptable Model Parameters in Non-Invasive Prenatal Testing Lead to More Stable Predictions. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2019; 20(14):3414.Chicago/Turabian Style
Gazdarica, Juraj; Budis, Jaroslav; Duris, Frantisek; Turna, Jan; Szemes, Tomas. 2019. "Adaptable Model Parameters in Non-Invasive Prenatal Testing Lead to More Stable Predictions." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 20, no. 14: 3414.
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