Spectroscopic Characterisation of the Naphthalene Dioxygenase from Rhodococcus sp. Strain NCIMB12038
AbstractPolycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), such as naphthalene, are potential health risks due to their carcinogenic and mutagenic effects. Bacteria from the genus Rhodococcus are able to metabolise a wide variety of pollutants such as alkanes, aromatic compounds and halogenated hydrocarbons. A naphthalene dioxygenase from Rhodococcus sp. strain NCIMB12038 has been characterised for the first time, using electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectroscopy and UV-Vis spectrophotometry. In the native state, the EPR spectrum of naphthalene 1,2-dioxygenase (NDO) is formed of the mononuclear high spin Fe(III) state contribution and the oxidised Rieske cluster is not visible as EPR-silent. In the presence of the reducing agent dithionite a signal derived from the reduction of the [2Fe-2S] unit is visible. The oxidation of the reduced NDO in the presence of O2-saturated naphthalene increased the intensity of the mononuclear contribution. A study of the “peroxide shunt”, an alternative mechanism for the oxidation of substrate in the presence of H2O2, showed catalysis via the oxidation of mononuclear centre while the Rieske-type cluster is not involved in the process. Therefore, the ability of these enzymes to degrade recalcitrant aromatic compounds makes them suitable for bioremediative applications and synthetic purposes. View Full-Text
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Baratto, M.C.; Lipscomb, D.A.; Larkin, M.J.; Basosi, R.; Allen, C.C.R.; Pogni, R. Spectroscopic Characterisation of the Naphthalene Dioxygenase from Rhodococcus sp. Strain NCIMB12038. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2019, 20, 3402.
Baratto MC, Lipscomb DA, Larkin MJ, Basosi R, Allen CCR, Pogni R. Spectroscopic Characterisation of the Naphthalene Dioxygenase from Rhodococcus sp. Strain NCIMB12038. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2019; 20(14):3402.Chicago/Turabian Style
Baratto, Maria C.; Lipscomb, David A.; Larkin, Michael J.; Basosi, Riccardo; Allen, Christopher C.R.; Pogni, Rebecca. 2019. "Spectroscopic Characterisation of the Naphthalene Dioxygenase from Rhodococcus sp. Strain NCIMB12038." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 20, no. 14: 3402.
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