Targeting CD46 Enhances Anti-Tumoral Activity of Adenovirus Type 5 for Bladder Cancer
AbstractCD46 is generally overexpressed in many human cancers, representing a prime target for CD46-binding adenoviruses (Ads). This could help to overcome low anti-tumoral activity by coxsackie-adenoviral receptor (CAR)-targeting cancer gene therapy viruses. However, because of scarce side-by-side information about CAR and CD46 expression levels in cancer cells, mixed observations of cancer therapeutic efficacy have been observed. This study evaluated Ad-mediated therapeutic efficacy using either CAR-targeting Ad5 or CD46-targeting Ad5/35 fiber chimera in bladder cancer cell lines. Compared with normal urothelia, bladder cancer tissue generally overexpressed both CAR and CD46. While CAR expression was not correlated with disease progression, CD46 expression was inversely correlated with tumor grade, stage, and risk grade. In bladder cancer cell lines, expression levels of CD46 and CAR were highly correlated with Ad5/35- and Ad5-mediated gene transduction and cytotoxicity, respectively. In a human EJ bladder cancer xenograft mouse model, with either overexpressed or suppressed CD46 expression levels, Ad5/35-tk followed by ganciclovir (GCV) treatment significantly affected tumor growth, whereas Ad5-tk/GCV had only minimal effects. Overall, our findings suggest that bladder cancer cells overexpress both CAR and CD46, and that adenoviral cancer gene therapy targeting CD46 represents a more suitable therapy option than a CAR-targeting therapy, especially in patients with low risk bladder cancers. View Full-Text
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Do, M.-H.; To, P.K.; Cho, Y.-S.; Kwon, S.-Y.; Hwang, E.C.; Choi, C.; Cho, S.-H.; Lee, S.-J.; Hemmi, S.; Jung, C. Targeting CD46 Enhances Anti-Tumoral Activity of Adenovirus Type 5 for Bladder Cancer. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2018, 19, 2694.
Do M-H, To PK, Cho Y-S, Kwon S-Y, Hwang EC, Choi C, Cho S-H, Lee S-J, Hemmi S, Jung C. Targeting CD46 Enhances Anti-Tumoral Activity of Adenovirus Type 5 for Bladder Cancer. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2018; 19(9):2694.Chicago/Turabian Style
Do, Manh-Hung; To, Phuong K.; Cho, Young-Suk; Kwon, Se-Young; Hwang, Eu C.; Choi, Chan; Cho, Sang-Hee; Lee, Sang-Jin; Hemmi, Silvio; Jung, Chaeyong. 2018. "Targeting CD46 Enhances Anti-Tumoral Activity of Adenovirus Type 5 for Bladder Cancer." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 19, no. 9: 2694.
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