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Diagnostic and Prognostic Implications of FGFR3high/Ki67high Papillary Bladder Cancers

1
Institute of Pathology, RWTH Aachen University, Pauwelsstrasse 30, 52074 Aachen, Germany
2
Institute of Pathology, University Hospital Erlangen, Friedrich-Alexander University Erlangen-Nürnberg (FAU), 91054 Erlangen, Germany
3
Department of Urology, Ludwig Maximilian University Munich, 81377 Munich, Germany
4
Department of Urology, RWTH Aachen University, 52074 Aachen, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors are contributed equally.
Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2018, 19(9), 2548; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms19092548
Received: 30 July 2018 / Revised: 19 August 2018 / Accepted: 24 August 2018 / Published: 28 August 2018
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Abstract

Prognostic/therapeutic stratification of papillary urothelial cancers is solely based upon histology, despite activated FGFR3-signaling was found to be associated with low grade tumors and favorable outcome. However, there are FGFR3-overexpressing tumors showing high proliferation—a paradox of coexisting favorable and adverse features. Therefore, our study aimed to decipher the relevance of FGFR3-overexpression/proliferation for histopathological grading and risk stratification. N = 142 (n = 82 pTa, n = 42 pT1, n = 18 pT2-4) morphologically G1–G3 tumors were analyzed for immunohistochemical expression of FGFR3 and Ki67. Mutation analysis of FGFR3 and TP53 and FISH for FGFR3 amplification and rearrangement was performed. SPSS 23.0 was used for statistical analysis. Overall FGFR3high/Ki67high status (n = 58) resulted in a reduced ∆mean progression-free survival (PFS) (p < 0.01) of 63.92 months, and shorter progression-free survival (p < 0.01; mean PFS: 55.89 months) in pTa tumors (n = 50). FGFR3mut/TP53mut double mutations led to a reduced ∆mean PFS (p < 0.01) of 80.30 months in all tumors, and FGFR3mut/TP53mut pTa tumors presented a dramatically reduced PFS (p < 0.001; mean PFS: 5.00 months). Our results identified FGFR3high/Ki67high papillary pTa tumors as a subgroup with poor prognosis and encourage histological grading as high grade tumors. Tumor grading should possibly be augmented by immunohistochemical stainings and suitable clinical surveillance by endoscopy should be performed. View Full-Text
Keywords: FGFR3; Ki67; TP53; bladder cancer; prognosis FGFR3; Ki67; TP53; bladder cancer; prognosis
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Geelvink, M.; Babmorad, A.; Maurer, A.; Stöhr, R.; Grimm, T.; Bach, C.; Knuechel, R.; Rose, M.; Gaisa, N.T. Diagnostic and Prognostic Implications of FGFR3high/Ki67high Papillary Bladder Cancers. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2018, 19, 2548.

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