Autologous Mesenchymal Stroma Cells Are Superior to Allogeneic Ones in Bone Defect Regeneration
AbstractThe application of autologous mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) for the treatment of bone defects requires two invasive procedures and several weeks of ex vivo cell expansion. To overcome these limitations, the administration of allogeneic MSC may be attractive, because they are anticipated to be immunoprivileged. Because preclinical studies using various animal models are conflicting with respect to the efficacy of allogeneic MSC, we investigated whether autologous and allogeneic human MSC (hMSC) are equally effective in regenerating bone in a humanized mouse model resembling the human immune system. Applying autologous and allogeneic hMSC in critically sized femoral defects, we found that allogeneic hMSC elicited a mild immune response early after implantation, whereas early angiogenic processes were similar in both treatments. At later healing time points, the transplantation of allogeneic hMSC resulted in less bone formation than autologous hMSC, associated with a reduced expression of the osteogenic factor Runx2 and impaired angiogenesis. We found by species-specific staining for collagen-type-1α2 that MSCs of either source did not synthesize new bone matrix, indicating an indirect contribution of transplanted hMSC to bone regeneration. In conclusion, our data suggest that the application of autologous hMSC is superior to that of allogeneic cells for bone defect treatment. View Full-Text
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Rapp, A.E.; Bindl, R.; Erbacher, A.; Kruchen, A.; Rojewski, M.; Schrezenmeier, H.; Müller, I.; Ignatius, A. Autologous Mesenchymal Stroma Cells Are Superior to Allogeneic Ones in Bone Defect Regeneration. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2018, 19, 2526.
Rapp AE, Bindl R, Erbacher A, Kruchen A, Rojewski M, Schrezenmeier H, Müller I, Ignatius A. Autologous Mesenchymal Stroma Cells Are Superior to Allogeneic Ones in Bone Defect Regeneration. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2018; 19(9):2526.Chicago/Turabian Style
Rapp, Anna E.; Bindl, Ronny; Erbacher, Annika; Kruchen, Anne; Rojewski, Markus; Schrezenmeier, Hubert; Müller, Ingo; Ignatius, Anita. 2018. "Autologous Mesenchymal Stroma Cells Are Superior to Allogeneic Ones in Bone Defect Regeneration." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 19, no. 9: 2526.
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