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Vitamin D and Influenza—Prevention or Therapy?

Department of Biochemistry and Biopharmaceuticals, National Medicines Institute, Str. Chelmska 30/34, 00-725 Warsaw, Poland
Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2018, 19(8), 2419; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms19082419
Received: 28 June 2018 / Revised: 24 July 2018 / Accepted: 1 August 2018 / Published: 16 August 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Vitamin D and Human Health)
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Abstract

Vitamin D generates many extraskeletal effects due to the vitamin D receptor (VDR) which is present in most tissues throughout the body. The possible role of vitamin D in infections is implied from its impact on the innate and adaptive immune responses. A significant effect is also the suppression of inflammatory processes. Because vitamin D could be acknowledged as a “seasonal stimulus”, as defined by R. Edgar Hope-Simpson, it would be crucial to prove it from a potential easy and cheap prophylaxis or therapy support perspective as far as influenza infections are concerned. The survey of the literature data generates some controversies and doubts about the possible role of vitamin D in the prevention of influenza virus. The most important point is to realise that the broad spectrum of this vitamin’s activity does not exclude such a possibility. According to most of the authors, more randomized controlled trials with effective, large populations are needed to explore the preventive effect of vitamin D supplementation on viral influenza infections. View Full-Text
Keywords: vitamin D; influenza; respiratory tract infections vitamin D; influenza; respiratory tract infections
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Gruber-Bzura, B.M. Vitamin D and Influenza—Prevention or Therapy? Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2018, 19, 2419.

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