Next Article in Journal
Connexins: Synthesis, Post-Translational Modifications, and Trafficking in Health and Disease
Next Article in Special Issue
Beta-Estradiol Regulates Voltage-Gated Calcium Channels and Estrogen Receptors in Telocytes from Human Myometrium
Previous Article in Journal
TGF-β and the Tissue Microenvironment: Relevance in Fibrosis and Cancer
Previous Article in Special Issue
Calcium and Nuclear Signaling in Prostate Cancer
Article Menu
Issue 5 (May) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessReview
Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2018, 19(5), 1295; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms19051295

T Cell Calcium Signaling Regulation by the Co-Receptor CD5

Department of Microbiology and Molecular Biology, Brigham Young University, Provo, UT 84604, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 27 February 2018 / Revised: 19 April 2018 / Accepted: 24 April 2018 / Published: 26 April 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Calcium Signaling in Human Health and Diseases)
Full-Text   |   PDF [2427 KB, uploaded 3 May 2018]   |  

Abstract

Calcium influx is critical for T cell effector function and fate. T cells are activated when T cell receptors (TCRs) engage peptides presented by antigen-presenting cells (APC), causing an increase of intracellular calcium (Ca2+) concentration. Co-receptors stabilize interactions between the TCR and its ligand, the peptide-major histocompatibility complex (pMHC), and enhance Ca2+ signaling and T cell activation. Conversely, some co-receptors can dampen Ca2+ signaling and inhibit T cell activation. Immune checkpoint therapies block inhibitory co-receptors, such as cytotoxic T-lymphocyte associated antigen 4 (CTLA-4) and programmed death 1 (PD-1), to increase T cell Ca2+ signaling and promote T cell survival. Similar to CTLA-4 and PD-1, the co-receptor CD5 has been known to act as a negative regulator of T cell activation and to alter Ca2+ signaling and T cell function. Though much is known about the role of CD5 in B cells, recent research has expanded our understanding of CD5 function in T cells. Here we review these recent findings and discuss how our improved understanding of CD5 Ca2+ signaling regulation could be useful for basic and clinical research. View Full-Text
Keywords: calcium signaling; T cell receptor (TCR); co-receptors; CD-5; PD-1; CTL-4 calcium signaling; T cell receptor (TCR); co-receptors; CD-5; PD-1; CTL-4
Figures

Graphical abstract

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Freitas, C.M.T.; Johnson, D.K.; Weber, K.S. T Cell Calcium Signaling Regulation by the Co-Receptor CD5. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2018, 19, 1295.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Int. J. Mol. Sci. EISSN 1422-0067 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top