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Calorie Restriction Effect of Heat-Processed Onion Extract (ONI) Using In Vitro and In Vivo Animal Models

1
Department of Food and Nutrition, Hannam University, Daejeon 34054, Korea
2
Institute of Functional Foods, KunpoongBio Co. Ltd., Jeju 63010, Korea
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2018, 19(3), 874; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms19030874
Received: 16 January 2018 / Revised: 6 March 2018 / Accepted: 9 March 2018 / Published: 15 March 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Plant Natural Products for Human Health)
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Abstract

Onion (Allium cepa L.) is widely consumed as food or medicinal plant due to its well-defined health benefits. The antioxidant and antihyperlipidemic effects of onion and its extracts have been reported well. However, very limited information on anti-hyperglycemic effect is available in processed onion extracts. In our previous study, we reported that Amadori rearrangement compounds (ARCs) produced by heat-processing in Korean ginseng can reduce carbohydrate absorption by inhibiting intestinal carbohydrate hydrolyzing enzymes in both in vitro and in vivo animal models. To prove the enhancement of anti-hyperglycemic effect and ARCs content by heat-processing in onion extract, a correlation between the anti-hyperglycemic activity and the total content of ARCs of heat-processed onion extract (ONI) was investigated. ONI has a high content of ARCs and had high rat small intestinal sucrase inhibitory activity (0.34 ± 0.03 mg/mL, IC50) relevant for the potential management of postprandial hyperglycemia. The effect of ONI on the postprandial blood glucose increase was investigated in Sprague Dawley (SD) rats fed on sucrose or starch meals. The maximum blood glucose levels (Cmax) of heat-processed onion extract were significantly decreased by about 8.7% (from 188.60 ± 5.37 to 172.27 ± 3.96, p < 0.001) and 14.2% (from 204.04 ± 8.73 to 175.13 ± 14.09, p < 0.01) in sucrose and starch loading tests, respectively. These results indicate that ARCs in onion extract produced by heat-processing have anti-diabetic effect by suppressing carbohydrate absorption via inhibition of intestinal sucrase, thereby reducing the postprandial increase of blood glucose. Therefore, enhancement of ARCs in onion by heat-processing might be a good strategy for the development of the new product on the management of hyperglycemia. View Full-Text
Keywords: heat-process; onion; calorie restriction; Amadori rearrangement compounds; hyperglycemia heat-process; onion; calorie restriction; Amadori rearrangement compounds; hyperglycemia
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Kang, Y.-R.; Choi, H.-Y.; Lee, J.-Y.; Jang, S.I.; Kang, H.; Oh, J.-B.; Jang, H.-D.; Kwon, Y.-I. Calorie Restriction Effect of Heat-Processed Onion Extract (ONI) Using In Vitro and In Vivo Animal Models. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2018, 19, 874.

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