Next Article in Journal
Overexpression of the Vitronectin V10 Subunit in Patients with Nonalcoholic Steatohepatitis: Implications for Noninvasive Diagnosis of NASH
Next Article in Special Issue
Complete Chloroplast Genome Sequences of Four Meliaceae Species and Comparative Analyses
Previous Article in Journal
The miRNA Mirage: How Close Are We to Finding a Non-Invasive Diagnostic Biomarker in Endometriosis? A Systematic Review
Previous Article in Special Issue
Effects of TROL Presequence Mutagenesis on Its Import and Dual Localization in Chloroplasts
Article Menu
Issue 2 (February) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2018, 19(2), 602;

Exploring the History of Chloroplast Capture in Arabis Using Whole Chloroplast Genome Sequencing

Faculty of Life Sciences, Kyoto Sangyo University, Kyoto, Kyoto 603-8555, Japan
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 26 January 2018 / Revised: 15 February 2018 / Accepted: 16 February 2018 / Published: 18 February 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Chloroplast)
Full-Text   |   PDF [3022 KB, uploaded 22 February 2018]   |  


Chloroplast capture occurs when the chloroplast of one plant species is introgressed into another plant species. The phylogenies of nuclear and chloroplast markers from East Asian Arabis species are incongruent, which indicates hybrid origin and shows chloroplast capture. In the present study, the complete chloroplast genomes of A. hirsuta, A. nipponica, and A. flagellosa were sequenced in order to analyze their divergence and their relationships. The chloroplast genomes of A. nipponica and A. flagellosa were similar, which indicates chloroplast replacement. If hybridization causing chloroplast capture occurred once, divergence between recipient species would be lower than between donor species. However, the chloroplast genomes of species with possible hybrid origins, A. nipponica and A. stelleri, differ at similar levels to possible maternal donor species A. flagellosa, which suggests that multiple hybridization events have occurred in their respective histories. The mitochondrial genomes exhibited similar patterns, while A. nipponica and A. flagellosa were more similar to each other than to A. hirsuta. This suggests that the two organellar genomes were co-transferred during the hybridization history of the East Asian Arabis species. View Full-Text
Keywords: Arabis; chloroplast capture; Brassicaceae Arabis; chloroplast capture; Brassicaceae

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Kawabe, A.; Nukii, H.; Furihata, H.Y. Exploring the History of Chloroplast Capture in Arabis Using Whole Chloroplast Genome Sequencing. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2018, 19, 602.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Int. J. Mol. Sci. EISSN 1422-0067 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top