Progression of Repair and Injury in Human Liver Slices
AbstractHuman liver slice function was stressed by daily dosing of acetaminophen (APAP) or diclofenac (DCF) to investigate injury and repair. Initially, untreated human liver and kidney slices were evaluated with the global human U133A array to assess the extended culture conditions. Then, drug induced injury and signals of repair in human liver slices exposed to APAP or DCF (1 mM) were evaluated via specific gene expression arrays. In culture, the untreated human liver and kidney slices remained differentiated and gene expression indicated that repair pathways were activated in both tissues. Morphologically the human liver slices exhibited evidence of repair and regeneration, while kidney slices did not. APAP and DCF exposure caused a direct multi-factorial response. APAP and DCF induced gene expression changes in transporters, oxidative stress and mitochondria energy. DCF caused a greater effect on heat shock and endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress gene expression. Concerning wound repair, APAP caused a mild repression of gene expression; DCF suppressed the expression of matrix collagen genes, the remodeling metalloproteases, cell adhesion integrins, indicating a greater hinderance to wound repair than APAP. Thus, human liver slices are a relevant model to investigate the mechanisms of drug-induced injury and repair. View Full-Text
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Vickers, A.E.M.; Ulyanov, A.V.; Fisher, R.L. Progression of Repair and Injury in Human Liver Slices. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2018, 19, 4130.
Vickers AEM, Ulyanov AV, Fisher RL. Progression of Repair and Injury in Human Liver Slices. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2018; 19(12):4130.Chicago/Turabian Style
Vickers, Alison E.M.; Ulyanov, Anatoly V.; Fisher, Robyn L. 2018. "Progression of Repair and Injury in Human Liver Slices." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 19, no. 12: 4130.
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