Reconstituted HDL (Milano) Treatment Efficaciously Reverses Heart Failure with Preserved Ejection Fraction in Mice
AbstractHeart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) represents a major unmet therapeutic need. This study investigated whether feeding coconut oil (CC diet) for 26 weeks in female C57BL/6N mice induces HFpEF and evaluated the effect of reconstituted high-density lipoprotein (HDL)Milano (MDCO-216) administration on established HFpEF. Eight intraperitoneal injections of MDCO-216 (100 mg/kg protein concentration) or of an equivalent volume of control buffer were executed with a 48-h interval starting at 26 weeks after the initiation of the diet. Feeding the CC diet for 26 weeks induced pathological left ventricular hypertrophy characterized by a 17.1% (p < 0.0001) lower myocardial capillary density and markedly (p < 0.0001) increased interstitial fibrosis compared to standard chow (SC) diet mice. Parameters of systolic and diastolic function were significantly impaired in CC diet mice resulting in a reduced stroke volume, decreased cardiac output, and impaired ventriculo-arterial coupling. However, ejection fraction was preserved. Administration of MDCO-216 in CC diet mice reduced cardiac hypertrophy, increased capillary density (p < 0.01), and reduced interstitial fibrosis (p < 0.01). MDCO-216 treatment completely normalized cardiac function, lowered myocardial acetyl-coenzyme A carboxylase levels, and decreased myocardial transforming growth factor-β1 in CC diet mice. In conclusion, the CC diet induced HFpEF. Reconstituted HDLMilano reversed pathological remodeling and functional cardiac abnormalities. View Full-Text
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Mishra, M.; Muthuramu, I.; Aboumsallem, J.P.; Kempen, H.; De Geest, B. Reconstituted HDL (Milano) Treatment Efficaciously Reverses Heart Failure with Preserved Ejection Fraction in Mice. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2018, 19, 3399.
Mishra M, Muthuramu I, Aboumsallem JP, Kempen H, De Geest B. Reconstituted HDL (Milano) Treatment Efficaciously Reverses Heart Failure with Preserved Ejection Fraction in Mice. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2018; 19(11):3399.Chicago/Turabian Style
Mishra, Mudit; Muthuramu, Ilayaraja; Aboumsallem, Joseph P.; Kempen, Herman; De Geest, Bart. 2018. "Reconstituted HDL (Milano) Treatment Efficaciously Reverses Heart Failure with Preserved Ejection Fraction in Mice." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 19, no. 11: 3399.
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