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Open AccessReview

Antiangiogenic Effect of Flavonoids and Chalcones: An Update

1
Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Medicine, P.J. Šafárik University, 040 11 Košice, Slovakia
2
Department of Biomedical Research, East-Slovak Institute of Cardiovascular Diseases, Inc., 040 11 Košice, Slovakia
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2018, 19(1), 27; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms19010027
Received: 13 November 2017 / Revised: 11 December 2017 / Accepted: 19 December 2017 / Published: 22 December 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Natural Bioactives and Phytochemicals in Cancer Prevention)
Chalcones are precursors of flavonoid biosynthesis in plants. Both flavonoids and chalcones are intensively investigated because of a large spectrum of their biological activities. Among others, anticancer and antiangiogenic effects account for the research interest of these substances. Because of an essential role in cancer growth and metastasis, angiogenesis is considered to be a promising target for cancer treatment. Currently used antiangiogenic agents are either synthetic compounds or monoclonal antibodies. However, there are some limitations of their use including toxicity and high price, making the search for new antiangiogenic compounds very attractive. Nowadays it is well known that several natural compounds may modulate basic steps in angiogenesis. A lot of studies, also from our lab, showed that phytochemicals, including polyphenols, are potent modulators of angiogenesis. This review paper is focused on the antiangiogenic effect of flavonoids and chalcones and discusses possible underlying cellular and molecular mechanisms. View Full-Text
Keywords: tumor angiogenesis; antiangiogenic drugs; flavonoids; chalcones tumor angiogenesis; antiangiogenic drugs; flavonoids; chalcones
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MDPI and ACS Style

Mirossay, L.; Varinská, L.; Mojžiš, J. Antiangiogenic Effect of Flavonoids and Chalcones: An Update. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2018, 19, 27.

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