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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2018, 19(1), 1; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms19010001

Structural Differences between the Lignin-Carbohydrate Complexes (LCCs) from 2- and 24-Month-Old Bamboo (Neosinocalamus affinis)

1
Beijing Key Laboratory of Lignocellulosic Chemistry, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing 100083, China
2
College of Science, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing 100083, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 21 November 2017 / Revised: 12 December 2017 / Accepted: 12 December 2017 / Published: 21 December 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue The Lignin Challenge: Exploring Innovative Applications)
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Abstract

The lignin-carbohydrate complex (LCC) was isolated from milled wood lignin of 2- and 24-month-old crude bamboo (Neosinocalamus affinis) culms using acetic acid (AcOH) and then characterized. The results have shown that the LCC preparation from 2-month-old bamboo (L2) exhibited a slightly lower molecular weight than the LCC preparation from the 24-month-old bamboo (L24). Further studies using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) and heteronuclear single quantum coherence (2D-HSQC) NMR spectra analyses indicate that the LCC preparations included glucuronoarabinoxylan and G-S-H lignin-type with G>S>>H. The content of the S lignin units of LCC in the mature bamboo was always higher than in the young bamboo. Combined with sugar composition analysis, the contents of phenyl glycoside and ether linkages in the L24 preparation were higher than in the L2 preparation; however, there was a reverse relationship of ester LCC bonds in L2 and L24. Lignin–xylan was the main type of LCC linkage in bamboo LCCs. Lignin–lignin linkages in the LCC preparations included β-β, β-5 and β-1 carbon-to-carbon, as well as β-O-4 ether linkages, but β-1 linkages were not present in L2. View Full-Text
Keywords: 2- and 24-month-old bamboo; chemical composition; LCC preparations; lignin and lignin–carbohydrate complex linkages; 2D-HSQC NMR 2- and 24-month-old bamboo; chemical composition; LCC preparations; lignin and lignin–carbohydrate complex linkages; 2D-HSQC NMR
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Yue, P.-P.; Hu, Y.-J.; Fu, G.-Q.; Sun, C.-X.; Li, M.-F.; Peng, F.; Sun, R.-C. Structural Differences between the Lignin-Carbohydrate Complexes (LCCs) from 2- and 24-Month-Old Bamboo (Neosinocalamus affinis). Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2018, 19, 1.

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