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Article

Phenolic Profiles of Ten Australian Faba Bean Varieties

1
School of Health, Medical & Applied Sciences, CQUniversity Australia, Bruce Hwy, North Rockhampton, QLD 4701, Australia
2
Australian Export Grains Innovation Centre, North Ryde, NSW 2113, Australia
3
Faculty of Food & Bioengineering, Henan University of Science & Technology, Luoyang 471023, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Mirella Nardini and Jesus Simal-Gandara
Molecules 2021, 26(15), 4642; https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules26154642
Received: 21 June 2021 / Revised: 20 July 2021 / Accepted: 27 July 2021 / Published: 30 July 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Phenolic Compounds in Food: Characterization and Health Benefits)
Although Australia is the largest exporter of faba bean globally, there is limited information available on the levels of bioactive compounds found in current commercial faba bean varieties grown in this country. This study profiled the phenolic acid and flavonoid composition of 10 Australian faba bean varieties, grown at two different locations. Phenolic profiling by HPLC-DAD revealed the most abundant flavonoid to be catechin, followed by rutin. For the phenolic acids, syringic acid was found in high concentrations (72.4–122.5 mg/kg), while protocatechuic, vanillic, p-hydroxybenzoic, chlorogenic, p-coumaric, and trans-ferulic acid were all found in low concentrations. The content of most individual phenolics varied significantly with the variety, while some effect of the growing location was also observed. This information could be used by food processors and plant breeders to maximise the potential health benefits of Australian-grown faba bean. View Full-Text
Keywords: phenolic acids; flavonoids; Vicia faba; functional food phenolic acids; flavonoids; Vicia faba; functional food
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MDPI and ACS Style

Johnson, J.B.; Skylas, D.J.; Mani, J.S.; Xiang, J.; Walsh, K.B.; Naiker, M. Phenolic Profiles of Ten Australian Faba Bean Varieties. Molecules 2021, 26, 4642. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules26154642

AMA Style

Johnson JB, Skylas DJ, Mani JS, Xiang J, Walsh KB, Naiker M. Phenolic Profiles of Ten Australian Faba Bean Varieties. Molecules. 2021; 26(15):4642. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules26154642

Chicago/Turabian Style

Johnson, Joel B., Daniel J. Skylas, Janice S. Mani, Jinle Xiang, Kerry B. Walsh, and Mani Naiker. 2021. "Phenolic Profiles of Ten Australian Faba Bean Varieties" Molecules 26, no. 15: 4642. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules26154642

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