Next Article in Journal
Checking NEKs: Overcoming a Bottleneck in Human Diseases
Next Article in Special Issue
Intranasal Delivery of Nanoformulations: A Potential Way of Treatment for Neurological Disorders
Previous Article in Journal
Metabolism and Pharmacokinetics of SP-8356, a Novel (1S)-(−)-Verbenone Derivative, in Rats and Dogs and Its Implications in Humans
Open AccessArticle

γ-Nanofluid Thermal Transport between Parallel Plates Suspended by Micro-Cantilever Sensor by Incorporating the Effective Prandtl Model: Applications to Biological and Medical Sciences

1
Department of Mathematics and Statistics, Hazara University, Mansehra 21120, Pakistan
2
Department of Mathematics, Mohi-ud-Din Islamic University, Nerian Sharif AJ&K 12080, Pakistan
3
Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Sciences, HITEC University, Taxila Cantt 47070, Pakistan
4
Department of Mathematics, University of Multan, Multan 60000, Pakistan
5
Department of Mathematics, Huzhou University, Huzhou 313000, China
6
Faculty of Mathematics and Statistics, Ton Duc Thang University, Ho Chi Minh City 72915, Vietnam
7
Department of Mathematics, College of Arts and Sciences, Prince Sattam bin Abdulaziz University, Wadi Aldawaser 11991, Saudi Arabia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Derek J. McPhee, Jesús Martínez de la Fuente and Laura Asín
Molecules 2020, 25(8), 1777; https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules25081777
Received: 22 March 2020 / Revised: 8 April 2020 / Accepted: 10 April 2020 / Published: 13 April 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nanoparticles and Their Biological and Biomedical Applications)
The flow of nanofluid between infinite parallel plates suspended by micro-cantilever sensors is significant. The analysis of such flows is a rich research area due to the variety of applications it has in chemical, biological and medical sciences. Micro-cantilever sensors play a significant role in accurately sensing different diseases, and they can be used to detect many hazardous and bio-warfare agents. Therefore, flow water and ethylene glycol (EG) composed by γ-nanoparticles is used. Firstly, the governing nanofluid model is transformed into two self-similar nanofluid models on the basis of their effective models. Then, a numerical method is adopted for solution purposes, and both the nanofluid models are solved. To enhance the heat transfer characteristics of the models, the effective Prandtl model is ingrained in the energy equation. The velocity F’(η) decreases with respect to the suction of the fluid, because more fluid particles drags on the surface for suction, leading to an abrupt decrement in F’(η). The velocity F’(η) increases for injection of the fluid from the upper end, and therefore the momentum boundary layer region is prolonged. A high volume fraction factor is responsible for the denser characteristics of the nanofluids, due to which the fluids become more viscous, and the velocity F’(η) drops abruptly, with the magnetic parameters favoring velocity F’(η). An increase in temperature β ( η ) of Al2O3-H2O and γAl2O3-C2H6O2 nanofluids was reported at higher fraction factors with permeable parameter effects. Finally, a comparative analysis is presented by restricting the flow parameters, which shows the reliability of the study. View Full-Text
Keywords: γAl2O3 nanoparticles; micro-cantilever sensor; numerical thermal transport; nanofluids effective models; thermophysical characteristics γAl2O3 nanoparticles; micro-cantilever sensor; numerical thermal transport; nanofluids effective models; thermophysical characteristics
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Khan, U.; Adnan; Ahmed, N.; Mohyud-Din, S.T.; Chu, Y.-M.; Khan, I.; Nisar, K.S. γ-Nanofluid Thermal Transport between Parallel Plates Suspended by Micro-Cantilever Sensor by Incorporating the Effective Prandtl Model: Applications to Biological and Medical Sciences. Molecules 2020, 25, 1777.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop