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State-of-the-Art Production Chains for Peas, Beans and Chickpeas—Valorization of Agro-Industrial Residues and Applications of Derived Extracts

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Department of Biological Geological and Environmental Sciences, University of Bologna, Via Irnerio 42, 40126 Bologna, Italy
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Department of Food and Drug, University of Parma, Parco Area delle Scienze 27/A, 43124 Parma, Italy
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Experimental Station for Food Preservation Industry, Viale F. Tanara, 31/A, 43121 Parma, Italy
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Institut für Getreideverarbeitung GmbH, Arthur-Scheunert Allee 40/41, 14558 Nuthetal, Germany
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IRIS Technology Group, Avda. C. F. Gauss 11, 08860 Castelldefels, Spain
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Department of Civil, Chemical, Environmental and Materials Engineering, University of Bologna, Via Terracini 28, 40138 Bologna, Italy
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Department of Civil and Industrial Engineering, University of Pisa, Largo Lucio Lazzarino 2, 56126 Pisa, Italy
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National Interuniversity Consortium of Materials Science and Technology, Via G. Giusti 9, 50121 Firenze, Italy
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Cosmetic Tsatsos Georgios, Ioannou Metaxa 56, 19441 Koropi, Greece
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Conserve Italia Scarl, Via Paolo Poggi 11, 40068 San Lazzaro di Savena (BO), Italy
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Nutritional Solutions Division, Nutrition Sciences NV, Booiebos 5, 9031 Drongen, Belgium
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Institute for Ecopreneurship, School of Life Sciences, Fachhochschule Nordwestschweiz, Hofackerstrasse 30, CH-4132 Muttenz, Switzerland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Present address: German Institute of Food Technologies, Prof.-von-Klitzing Strasse 7, D-49610 Quakenbrück, Germany.
Molecules 2020, 25(6), 1383; https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules25061383
Received: 3 February 2020 / Revised: 10 March 2020 / Accepted: 17 March 2020 / Published: 18 March 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Food Sustainability: Promising By-Products for Valorization)
The world is confronted with the depletion of natural resources due to their unsustainable use and the increasing size of populations. In this context, the efficient use of by-products, residues and wastes generated from agro-industrial and food processing opens the perspective for a wide range of benefits. In particular, legume residues are produced yearly in very large amounts and may represent an interesting source of plant proteins that contribute to satisfying the steadily increasing global protein demand. Innovative biorefinery extraction cascades may also enable the recovery of further bioactive molecules and fibers from these insufficiently tapped biomass streams. This review article gives a summary of the potential for the valorization of legume residual streams resulting from agro-industrial processing and more particularly for pea, green bean and chickpea by-products/wastes. Valuable information on the annual production volumes, geographical origin and state-of-the-art technologies for the extraction of proteins, fibers and other bioactive molecules from this source of biomass, is exhaustively listed and discussed. Finally, promising applications, already using the recovered fractions from pea, bean and chickpea residues for the formulation of feed, food, cosmetic and packaging products, are listed and discussed. View Full-Text
Keywords: agro-industrial by-products; biowaste; biomass; fibers; legumes; plant proteins agro-industrial by-products; biowaste; biomass; fibers; legumes; plant proteins
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MDPI and ACS Style

Tassoni, A.; Tedeschi, T.; Zurlini, C.; Cigognini, I.M.; Petrusan, J.-I.; Rodríguez, Ó.; Neri, S.; Celli, A.; Sisti, L.; Cinelli, P.; Signori, F.; Tsatsos, G.; Bondi, M.; Verstringe, S.; Bruggerman, G.; Corvini, P.F.X. State-of-the-Art Production Chains for Peas, Beans and Chickpeas—Valorization of Agro-Industrial Residues and Applications of Derived Extracts. Molecules 2020, 25, 1383. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules25061383

AMA Style

Tassoni A, Tedeschi T, Zurlini C, Cigognini IM, Petrusan J-I, Rodríguez Ó, Neri S, Celli A, Sisti L, Cinelli P, Signori F, Tsatsos G, Bondi M, Verstringe S, Bruggerman G, Corvini PFX. State-of-the-Art Production Chains for Peas, Beans and Chickpeas—Valorization of Agro-Industrial Residues and Applications of Derived Extracts. Molecules. 2020; 25(6):1383. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules25061383

Chicago/Turabian Style

Tassoni, Annalisa; Tedeschi, Tullia; Zurlini, Chiara; Cigognini, Ilaria M.; Petrusan, Janos-Istvan; Rodríguez, Óscar; Neri, Simona; Celli, Annamaria; Sisti, Laura; Cinelli, Patrizia; Signori, Francesca; Tsatsos, Georgios; Bondi, Marika; Verstringe, Stefanie; Bruggerman, Geert; Corvini, Philippe F.X. 2020. "State-of-the-Art Production Chains for Peas, Beans and Chickpeas—Valorization of Agro-Industrial Residues and Applications of Derived Extracts" Molecules 25, no. 6: 1383. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules25061383

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