Four different methods for gold deposition on Beta zeolite, namely impregnation, ion-exchange, deposition-reduction, and grafting on (3-aminopropyl)trimethoxysilane functionalized support, were applied to investigate their influence on textural/structural changes in the zeolite support and its surface acidity. The as-prepared materials were fully characterized by XRD, N2
physisorption, ICP-OES, XPS, TEM, and pyridine adsorption. The obtained results indicated that bifunctional redox–acidic materials prepared within this work were characterized not only by different gold loading and gold particle size, but also different textural parameters and acidity. All these features were strongly affected by the procedure applied for gold deposition. The introduction of Au into Beta zeolite by ion exchange caused a significant decrease in the Si/Al ratio in the zeolite framework. The size of Au particles determined the textural parameters of the zeolite and the number of Lewis acid sites (LAS). The Brønsted acid sites (BAS) number was decreased if (3-aminopropyl)trimethoxysilane or NaBH4
were used in the procedure of gold deposition. The highest BAS/LAS ratio was achieved for the sample prepared by ion exchange in the ammonium form of Beta zeolite. The presented results permit making a proper choice of the gold modification procedure for the preparation of bifunctional (redox–acidic) materials, addressed to a desired application.
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