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Kinetic Analysis of Digestate Slow Pyrolysis with the Application of the Master-Plots Method and Independent Parallel Reactions Scheme

1
Department of Engineering, University of Perugia, Via G. Duranti 67, 06125 Perugia, Italy
2
SINTEF Industry AS, Forskningsveien 1, 0373 Oslo, Norway
3
Department of Economics, Engineering, Society and Business Organization, University of Tuscia, 01100 Viterbo, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Sergey Vyazovkin
Molecules 2019, 24(9), 1657; https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules24091657
Received: 7 March 2019 / Revised: 25 April 2019 / Accepted: 25 April 2019 / Published: 27 April 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Thermal Analysis Kinetics for Understanding Materials Behavior)
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Abstract

The solid fraction obtained by mechanical separation of digestate from anaerobic digestion plants is an attractive feedstock for the pyrolysis process. Especially in the case of digestate obtained from biogas plants fed with energy crops, this can be considered a lignin rich residue. The aim of this study is to investigate the pyrolytic kinetic characteristics of solid digestate. The Starink model-free method has been used for the kinetic analysis of the pyrolysis process. The average Activation Energy value is about 204.1 kJ/mol, with a standard deviation of 25 kJ/mol, which corresponds to the 12% of the average value. The activation energy decreased along with the conversion degree. The variation range of the activation energy is about 99 kJ/mol, this means that the average value cannot be used to statistically represent the whole reaction. The Master-plots method was used for the determination of the kinetic model, obtaining that n-order was the most probable one. On the other hand, the process cannot be modeled with a single-step reaction. For this reason it has been used an independent parallel reactions scheme to model the complete process. View Full-Text
Keywords: anaerobic digestion; kinetic model; lignin rich; activation energy; thermogravimetric analysis; pre-exponential factor anaerobic digestion; kinetic model; lignin rich; activation energy; thermogravimetric analysis; pre-exponential factor
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Bartocci, P.; Tschentscher, R.; Stensrød, R.E.; Barbanera, M.; Fantozzi, F. Kinetic Analysis of Digestate Slow Pyrolysis with the Application of the Master-Plots Method and Independent Parallel Reactions Scheme. Molecules 2019, 24, 1657.

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