Essential Oil Composition and Biological Activity of “Pompia”, a Sardinian Citrus Ecotype
AbstractPompia is a Sardinian citrus ecotype whose botanical classification is still being debated. In the present study, the composition of Pompia peel essential oil (EO) is reported for the first time, along with that of the leaf EO, as a phytochemical contribution to the classification of this ecotype. The peel EO was tested for its antioxidant ability (with both the 2,2-diphenyl-1-picarylhydrazyl (DPPH) and ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP) assays). Moreover, its antimicrobial activities were tested for the first time on dermatophytes (Microsporum canis, Microsporum gypseum, and Trichophyton mentagrophytes), on potentially toxigenic fungi (Fusarium solani, Aspergillus flavus, and Aspergillus niger) as well on bacteria (Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, and Staphylococcus pseudointermedius). The dominant abundance of limonene in the peel EO seems to distinguish Pompia from the Citrus spp. to which it had previously been associated. It lacks γ-terpinene, relevant in Citrus medica EO. Its relative content of α- and β-pinene is lower than 0.5%, in contrast to Citrus limon peel EO. Pompia peel and leaf EOs did not show significant amounts of linalool and linalyl acetate, which are typically found in Citrus aurantium. Pompia peel EO antioxidant activity was weak, possibly because of its lack of γ-terpinene. Moreover, it did not exert any antimicrobial effects either towards the tested bacteria strains, or to dermatophytes and environmental fungi. View Full-Text
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Flamini, G.; Pistelli, L.; Nardoni, S.; Ebani, V.V.; Zinnai, A.; Mancianti, F.; Ascrizzi, R.; Pistelli, L. Essential Oil Composition and Biological Activity of “Pompia”, a Sardinian Citrus Ecotype. Molecules 2019, 24, 908.
Flamini G, Pistelli L, Nardoni S, Ebani VV, Zinnai A, Mancianti F, Ascrizzi R, Pistelli L. Essential Oil Composition and Biological Activity of “Pompia”, a Sardinian Citrus Ecotype. Molecules. 2019; 24(5):908.Chicago/Turabian Style
Flamini, Guido; Pistelli, Laura; Nardoni, Simona; Ebani, Valentina V.; Zinnai, Angela; Mancianti, Francesca; Ascrizzi, Roberta; Pistelli, Luisa. 2019. "Essential Oil Composition and Biological Activity of “Pompia”, a Sardinian Citrus Ecotype." Molecules 24, no. 5: 908.
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