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Green Chemistry Extractions of Carotenoids from Daucus carota L.—Supercritical Carbon Dioxide and Enzyme-Assisted Methods

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Department of Animal and Human Physiology, Faculty of Biology, University of Gdańsk, Wita Stwosza 59, 80-308 Gdańsk, Poland
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Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Medical University of Gdańsk, Hallera 107, 80-416 Gdańsk, Poland
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College of Food Science and Technology, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan 430070, China
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Department of Fruit and Vegetable Product Technology, Prof. Wacław Dąbrowski Institute of Agricultural and Food Biotechnology, 36 Rakowiecka, 02-532 Warsaw, Poland
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Department of Chemistry and Food Toxicology, Institute of Food Technology and Nutrition, College of Natural Science, University of Rzeszow, Ćwiklińskiej 2D, 35-601 Rzeszow, Poland
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Department of Bioenergetics and Food Analysis, Faculty of Bogy and Agriculture, University of Rzeszow, Ćwiklińskiej 2D, 35-601 Rzeszow, Poland
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Prof. Wacław Dąbrowski Institute of Agricultural and Food Biotechnology, 36 Rakowiecka, 02-532 Warsaw, Poland
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Francisco J. Barba, Zhenzhou Zhu, Jose M. Lorenzo and Fabienne Remize
Molecules 2019, 24(23), 4339; https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules24234339
Received: 18 October 2019 / Revised: 21 November 2019 / Accepted: 24 November 2019 / Published: 27 November 2019
Multiple reviews have been published on various aspects of carotenoid extraction. Nevertheless, none of them focused on the discussion of recent green chemistry extraction protocols, especially for the carotenoids extraction from Daucus carota L. This group of bioactive compounds has been chosen for this review since most of the scientific papers proved their antioxidant properties relevant for inflammation, stress-related disorders, cancer, or neurological and neurodegenerative diseases, such as stroke and Alzheimer’s Disease. Besides, carrots constitute one of the most popular sources of carotenoids. In the presented review emphasis has been placed on the supercritical carbon dioxide and enzyme-assisted extraction techniques for the relevant tetraterpenoids. The detailed descriptions of these methods, as well as practical examples, are provided. In addition, the pros and cons of each method and comparison with the standard solvent extraction have been discussed. View Full-Text
Keywords: carrot; carotenoids; extraction; green chemistry; supercritical carbon dioxide carrot; carotenoids; extraction; green chemistry; supercritical carbon dioxide
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MDPI and ACS Style

Miękus, N.; Iqbal, A.; Marszałek, K.; Puchalski, C.; Świergiel, A. Green Chemistry Extractions of Carotenoids from Daucus carota L.—Supercritical Carbon Dioxide and Enzyme-Assisted Methods. Molecules 2019, 24, 4339.

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