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Molecules 2019, 24(2), 257; https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules24020257

Sonochemical Degradation of Benzothiophene (BT) in Deionized Water, Natural Water and Sea Water

1
Department of Chemistry, Sciences Faculty -AL Faisaliah, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, P.O. Box 50918, Jeddah 21533, Saudi Arabia
2
Chemistry Department, Faculty of Science, University of Jeddah, P.O. Box 80327, Jeddah 21589, Saudi Arabia
3
Rheology and processes Laboratory UMR 5520- UJF-Grenoble INP-CNR, Laboratoire Rhéologie et Procédés, Domaine Universitaire, 38041 Grenoble, France
4
Chemistry Department, Faculty of Science, Taif University, P.O. Box 888, Al-Hawiah, Taif 21974, Saudi Arabia
5
Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Port Said, Port Said University, Port Said 42526, Egypt
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 30 November 2018 / Revised: 29 December 2018 / Accepted: 2 January 2019 / Published: 11 January 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sonochemistry and Green Chemistry Applications II)
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Abstract

This paper deals with the sonochemical water treatment of polycyclic aromatic sulfur hydrocarbons (PASHs), one of the most common impurities found in waste water coming from petroleum industry. The best fit of the experimental data appears to be the kinetic parameters determined using the Michaelis-Mentonmodel in the concentrations range of the study. For the initial increase in the degradation rates, it is simply considered that the more the bulk concentration increases, the more the concentration in the interfacial region increases. This will be explained by Michaelis-Menton kinetics. The influence of organic compounds in the water matrix as a mixture with Benzothiophene (BT) was also evaluated. The results indicated that BT degradation is unaffected by the presence of bisphenol A (BPA). Finally, the results indicated that ultrasonic action is involved in oxidation rather than pyrolitic processing in the BT sonochemical degradation. View Full-Text
Keywords: benzothiophene; sonochemical degradation; water treatment; advanced oxidation processes benzothiophene; sonochemical degradation; water treatment; advanced oxidation processes
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Al-Zaydi, K.M.; Petrier, C.; Mousally, S.M.M.; Arab, S.T.; Refat, M.S. Sonochemical Degradation of Benzothiophene (BT) in Deionized Water, Natural Water and Sea Water. Molecules 2019, 24, 257.

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