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Modeling of Solid–Liquid Equilibria in Deep Eutectic Solvents: A Parameter Study
Open AccessFeature PaperArticle

Quantum Chemistry Insight into the Interactions Between Deep Eutectic Solvents and SO2

Department of Chemical Engineering, Texas A&M University at Qatar, Doha 23874, Qatar
Gas and Fuels Research Center, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX 77843, USA
Qatar Environment and Energy Research Institute, Hamad Bin Khalifa University, Doha 23874, Qatar
Department of Chemistry, University of Burgos, 09001 Burgos, Spain
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Molecules 2019, 24(16), 2963;
Received: 19 June 2019 / Revised: 22 July 2019 / Accepted: 27 July 2019 / Published: 15 August 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Deep Eutectic Solvents)
PDF [8077 KB, uploaded 15 August 2019]


A systematic research work on the rational design of task specific Deep Eutectic Solvents (DES) has been carried out via density functional theory (DFT) in order to increase knowledge on the key interaction parameters related to efficient SO2 capture by DES at a molecular level. A total of 11 different DES structures, for which high SO2 affinity and solubility is expected, have been selected in this work. SO2 interactions in selected DES were investigated in detail through DFT simulations and this work has generated a valuable set of information about required factors at the molecular level to provide high SO2 solubility in DES, which is crucial for enhancing the current efficiency of the SO2 capture process and replacing the current state of the art with environmentally friendly solvents and eventually implementing these materials in the chemical industry. Results that were obtained from DFT calculations were used to deduce the details of the type and the intensity of the interaction between DES and SO2 molecules at various interaction sites as well as to quantify short-range interactions by using various methods such as quantum theory of atoms in a molecule (QTAIM), electrostatic potentials (ESP) and reduced density gradients (RDG). Systematic research on the molecular interaction characterization between DES structures and SO2 molecule increases our knowledge on the rational design of task-specific DES. View Full-Text
Keywords: deep eutectic solvents; density functional theory; gas capture; SO2 deep eutectic solvents; density functional theory; gas capture; SO2

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Atilhan, M.; Altamash, T.; Aparicio, S. Quantum Chemistry Insight into the Interactions Between Deep Eutectic Solvents and SO2. Molecules 2019, 24, 2963.

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