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Quinoa Secondary Metabolites and Their Biological Activities or Functions

Department of Plant Pathology, College of Plant Protection, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100193, China
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Molecules 2019, 24(13), 2512; https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules24132512
Received: 31 May 2019 / Revised: 3 July 2019 / Accepted: 3 July 2019 / Published: 9 July 2019

Abstract

Quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa Willd.) was known as the “golden grain” by the native Andean people in South America, and has been a source of valuable food over thousands of years. It can produce a variety of secondary metabolites with broad spectra of bioactivities. At least 193 secondary metabolites from quinoa have been identified in the past 40 years. They mainly include phenolic acids, flavonoids, terpenoids, steroids, and nitrogen-containing compounds. These metabolites exhibit many physiological functions, such as insecticidal, molluscicidal and antimicrobial activities, as well as various kinds of biological activities such as antioxidant, cytotoxic, anti-diabetic and anti-inflammatory properties. This review focuses on our knowledge of the structures, biological activities and functions of quinoa secondary metabolites. Biosynthesis, development and utilization of the secondary metabolites especially from quinoa bran were prospected. View Full-Text
Keywords: quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa); secondary metabolites; biological activities; functions quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa); secondary metabolites; biological activities; functions
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Lin, M.; Han, P.; Li, Y.; Wang, W.; Lai, D.; Zhou, L. Quinoa Secondary Metabolites and Their Biological Activities or Functions. Molecules 2019, 24, 2512.

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