Quinoa Secondary Metabolites and Their Biological Activities or Functions
AbstractQuinoa (Chenopodium quinoa Willd.) was known as the “golden grain” by the native Andean people in South America, and has been a source of valuable food over thousands of years. It can produce a variety of secondary metabolites with broad spectra of bioactivities. At least 193 secondary metabolites from quinoa have been identified in the past 40 years. They mainly include phenolic acids, flavonoids, terpenoids, steroids, and nitrogen-containing compounds. These metabolites exhibit many physiological functions, such as insecticidal, molluscicidal and antimicrobial activities, as well as various kinds of biological activities such as antioxidant, cytotoxic, anti-diabetic and anti-inflammatory properties. This review focuses on our knowledge of the structures, biological activities and functions of quinoa secondary metabolites. Biosynthesis, development and utilization of the secondary metabolites especially from quinoa bran were prospected. View Full-Text
Share & Cite This Article
Lin, M.; Han, P.; Li, Y.; Wang, W.; Lai, D.; Zhou, L. Quinoa Secondary Metabolites and Their Biological Activities or Functions. Molecules 2019, 24, 2512.
Lin M, Han P, Li Y, Wang W, Lai D, Zhou L. Quinoa Secondary Metabolites and Their Biological Activities or Functions. Molecules. 2019; 24(13):2512.Chicago/Turabian Style
Lin, Minyi; Han, Peipei; Li, Yuying; Wang, Weixuan; Lai, Daowan; Zhou, Ligang. 2019. "Quinoa Secondary Metabolites and Their Biological Activities or Functions." Molecules 24, no. 13: 2512.
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.