Unraveling Sugar Binding Modes to DC-SIGN by Employing Fluorinated Carbohydrates
AbstractA fluorine nuclear magnetic resonance (19F-NMR)-based method is employed to assess the binding preferences and interaction details of a library of synthetic fluorinated monosaccharides towards dendritic cell-specific intercellular adhesion molecule 3-grabbing non-integrin (DC-SIGN), a lectin of biomedical interest, which is involved in different viral infections, including HIV and Ebola, and is able to recognize a variety of self- and non-self-glycans. The strategy employed allows not only screening of a mixture of compounds, but also obtaining valuable information on the specific sugar–protein interactions. The analysis of the data demonstrates that monosaccharides Fuc, Man, Glc, and Gal are able to bind DC-SIGN, although with decreasing affinity. Moreover, a new binding mode between Man moieties and DC-SIGN, which might have biological implications, is also detected for the first time. The combination of the 19F with standard proton saturation transfer difference (1H-STD-NMR) data, assisted by molecular dynamics (MD) simulations, permits us to successfully define this new binding epitope, where Man coordinates a Ca2+ ion of the lectin carbohydrate recognition domain (CRD) through the axial OH-2 and equatorial OH-3 groups, thus mimicking the Fuc/DC-SIGN binding architecture. View Full-Text
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Martínez, J.D.; Valverde, P.; Delgado, S.; Romanò, C.; Linclau, B.; Reichardt, N.C.; Oscarson, S.; Ardá, A.; Jiménez-Barbero, J.; Cañada, F.J. Unraveling Sugar Binding Modes to DC-SIGN by Employing Fluorinated Carbohydrates. Molecules 2019, 24, 2337.
Martínez JD, Valverde P, Delgado S, Romanò C, Linclau B, Reichardt NC, Oscarson S, Ardá A, Jiménez-Barbero J, Cañada FJ. Unraveling Sugar Binding Modes to DC-SIGN by Employing Fluorinated Carbohydrates. Molecules. 2019; 24(12):2337.Chicago/Turabian Style
Martínez, J. D.; Valverde, Pablo; Delgado, Sandra; Romanò, Cecilia; Linclau, Bruno; Reichardt, Niels C.; Oscarson, Stefan; Ardá, Ana; Jiménez-Barbero, Jesús; Cañada, F. J. 2019. "Unraveling Sugar Binding Modes to DC-SIGN by Employing Fluorinated Carbohydrates." Molecules 24, no. 12: 2337.
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