Innovative Target for Production of Technetium-99m by Biomedical Cyclotron
AbstractTechnetium-99m (99mTc) is the most used radionuclide worldwide in nuclear medicine for diagnostic imaging procedures. 99mTc is typically extracted from portable generators containing 99Mo, which is produced normally in nuclear reactors as a fission product of highly enriched Uranium material. Due to unexpected outages or planned and unplanned reactor shutdown, significant 99mTc shortages appeared as a problem since 2008 The alternative cyclotron-based approach through the 100Mo(p,2n)99mTc reaction is considered one of the most promising routes for direct 99mTc production in order to mitigate potential 99Mo shortages. The design and manufacturing of appropriate cyclotron targets for the production of significant amounts of a radiopharmaceutical for medical use is a technological challenge. In this work, a novel solid target preparation method was developed, including sputter deposition of a dense, adherent, and non-oxidized Mo target material onto a complex backing plate. The latter included either chemically resistant sapphire or synthetic diamond brazed in vacuum conditions to copper. The target thermo-mechanical stability tests were performed under 15.6 MeV proton energy and different beam intensities, up to the maximum provided by the available GE Healthcare (Chicago, IL, USA) PET trace medical cyclotron. The targets resisted proton beam currents up to 60 µA (corresponding to a heat power density of about 1 kW/cm2) without damage or Mo deposited layer delamination. The chemical stability of the proposed backing materials was proven by gamma-spectroscopy analysis of the solution obtained after the standard dissolution procedure of irradiated targets in H2O2. View Full-Text
Share & Cite This Article
Skliarova, H.; Cisternino, S.; Cicoria, G.; Marengo, M.; Palmieri, V. Innovative Target for Production of Technetium-99m by Biomedical Cyclotron. Molecules 2019, 24, 25.
Skliarova H, Cisternino S, Cicoria G, Marengo M, Palmieri V. Innovative Target for Production of Technetium-99m by Biomedical Cyclotron. Molecules. 2019; 24(1):25.Chicago/Turabian Style
Skliarova, Hanna; Cisternino, Sara; Cicoria, Gianfranco; Marengo, Mario; Palmieri, Vincenzo. 2019. "Innovative Target for Production of Technetium-99m by Biomedical Cyclotron." Molecules 24, no. 1: 25.
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.