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Review

Bioactive Compounds, Antioxidant Activity, and Biological Effects of European Cranberry (Vaccinium oxycoccos)

1
Institute for teacher training, Faculty of Central European Studies, Constantine the Philosopher University in Nitra, SK-949 74 Nitra, Slovakia
2
Department of Food Analysis and Chemistry, Faculty of Technology, Tomas Bata University in Zlín, CZ-760 01 Zlín, Czech Republic
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Molecules 2019, 24(1), 24; https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules24010024
Received: 27 November 2018 / Revised: 18 December 2018 / Accepted: 18 December 2018 / Published: 21 December 2018
Lesser known fruits or underutilized fruit species are recently of great research interest due to the presence of phytochemicals that manifest many biological effects. European cranberry, Vaccinium oxycoccos fruit, as an important representative of this group, is a valuable source of antioxidants and other biologically active substances, similar to American cranberry (V. macrocarpon) which is well known and studied. European cranberry fruit is rich especially in polyphenolic compounds anthocyanins (12.4–207.3 mg/100 g fw), proanthocyanins (1.5–5.3 mg/100 g fw), and flavonols, especially quercetin (0.52–15.4 mg/100 g fw), which mostly contribute to the antioxidant activity of the fruit. Small cranberry is also important due to its various biological effects such as urinary tract protection (proanthocyanidins), antibacterial and antifungal properties (quercetin, proanthocyanidins, anthocyanins), cardioprotective (proanthocyanidins) and anticancer activities (proanthocyanidins), and utilization in food (juice drinks, jams, jellies, sauces, additive to meat products) and pharmacological industries, and in folk medicine. View Full-Text
Keywords: cranberry; Vaccinium oxycoccos; polyphenols; antioxidant effect; biological activities cranberry; Vaccinium oxycoccos; polyphenols; antioxidant effect; biological activities
MDPI and ACS Style

Jurikova, T.; Skrovankova, S.; Mlcek, J.; Balla, S.; Snopek, L. Bioactive Compounds, Antioxidant Activity, and Biological Effects of European Cranberry (Vaccinium oxycoccos). Molecules 2019, 24, 24. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules24010024

AMA Style

Jurikova T, Skrovankova S, Mlcek J, Balla S, Snopek L. Bioactive Compounds, Antioxidant Activity, and Biological Effects of European Cranberry (Vaccinium oxycoccos). Molecules. 2019; 24(1):24. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules24010024

Chicago/Turabian Style

Jurikova, Tunde, Sona Skrovankova, Jiri Mlcek, Stefan Balla, and Lukas Snopek. 2019. "Bioactive Compounds, Antioxidant Activity, and Biological Effects of European Cranberry (Vaccinium oxycoccos)" Molecules 24, no. 1: 24. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules24010024

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